ANT100Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Flake Tool, Middle Paleolithic, Lithic Reduction

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ANT100Y1 Full Course Notes
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Lower palaeolithic (3. 3) 2. 6 mya 200 kya. Stone tools: the earliest indications of material culture. Culture is one of the major behavioural traits which sets humans apart from other animals is the variety and frequency of our manufacture and use of tools, and our dependence on them. Culture is the primary avenue through which humans adapt to their environment. Tools can be made of made of stone, wood, bone, antler, skin, bark, leaves, etc. , but stone tools are by far the most likely to be preserved from all periods, since they are resistant to destruction. Based on fracture, not ground or carved . Requires homogeneous material with no natural grain e. g. flint, obsidian. When force is applied, a flake is detached from the core. Cortex - original exterior of stone core. Percussion flaking (removal of flakes by impact) vs. pressure flaking (removal of flakes by pressing, rather than striking)

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