ANT100Y1 Lecture Notes - Enculturation, Ethnocentrism

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8 Mar 2011
School
Department
Course
Anthropology March 3rd, 2011.
Social-Cultural Anthropology
Homework: death without weeping
Theme: “thinking is a social act
Study of contemporary and recent human populations
Comparative field – interested in how societies vary and why, under what
conditions
Holistic perspective – study societies in context (historical, political, economic,
religious)
Culture (Lavenda & Schultz p. 16)
At its most basic, culture is understood to refer to learned sets of dieas and
behaviours that are acquired by people as members of society”
Like language, culture is symbolic
Much of culture consists of unspoken ‘implicit’ meanings and
Culture, Genders & 1960s Dating Dilemma
Visible proximity indicated for more intimate interaction
Conversation could modify those meanings in important ways
Gender is main axis of social difference
Now consider what could happen if driver was male employers and passenger was
his young female employee
In this case, woman much more concerned about sort of messages she may
unwittingly giving off
Expressions of cultural ideas vary depending on specific social relationships in
which they arise
Culture is not a “thing” so much as a process:
Dynamic – interactive
Historical – a culture changes over time
Changes in technology and law contributed to changes in expression of certain
cultural meanings (in gross gender communication)
Cumulative – we learn from past and add to our cultural toolkits from other
societies
Creative – subject to human innovation
Socially produced and reproduced – recreated and modified through interaction
Socially realized – becomes evident through social interaction
Imagined – (e.g. conceptual) but not imaginary – cultural concepts have tangiable
consequences
Culture is humanity’s key biological adaptation…a biological capacity that is
completed or filled through social interaction
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Document Summary

Theme: thinking is a social act : study of contemporary and recent human populations, comparative field interested in how societies vary and why, under what conditions, holistic perspective study societies in context (historical, political, economic, religious) Imagined (e. g. conceptual) but not imaginary cultural concepts have tangiable consequences: culture is humanity"s key biological adaptation a biological capacity that is completed or filled through social interaction www. notesolution. com. March 3rd, 2011: humans are unfinished animals who complete themselves through culture c. Hegemony: adds the dimension of power to concept of culture, in context of social complexity, refers to culture assumptions about nature of world and how it works that dominate in a given population. U. s. dollar as standard of value under global capitalism: e. g. male privilege in some societies. Enculturation: process of learning a culture (one"s primary culture or another, also known as acculturation when learning a second culture and becoming acculturated to new context.

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