Anthro Lecture#4.docx

6 views2 pages
18 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
Professor
Lecture-4
Language, Society and Freedom
- Language and signifying behavior in general, limits what we can say, think
and do.
- Often below the level of our consciousness
- Limiting innovation preserves the social order
- And can be hegemonic
- So how free are?
Lecture Themes
- Language varieties:
- 1. Languages, dialects, language ideologies
- 2. Social variation: accents, social dialects, registers
- Hegemony: three approaches
- 1, Manufacturing conset
- 2. Conformity and resistance
- 3. Incorporation
Language Varieties
- Language varieties: “Languages, dialects, accents”
- “Language, dialects and accents” are popular terms not scientific terms
Nation, Language, Dialect
- “Language: a dialect with an army”
- Languages: Danish, Norwegian; Russian, Ukrainian; Malay, Indonesia; Serbia,
Croatian languages with a state
- “Dialects:” Cantonese, Fukinese, Mandarin, etc.; Tagalog, Ilokano- no state
Accents
- Why do foreign accents persist?
- Objective reasons: Critical period for learning distant languages
- 11-14 years of age?
- Subjective reasons: Foreign accent depends on both production and
reception of speech: how people speak and how we hear them.
- Accents index involuntary ethnic divisions in our community
Accent types and ethnic groups
- “East European”
- “Indian”
- Accent “classifications” reflect relations across the worl and within
community
- Why do foreign language speakers get dubbed into accented English in
American films?
Social
- Social Dialects
- “I don’t see nothin’ wrong with Hugo winnin’ and Oscar”
- Voluntary message: I think that Hugo will win an Oscar”
- Involuntary message: “I am a working class person”
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.