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Lecture

Dec 04 note

3 Pages
111 Views

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts

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What is Complex Society?
Typically, there are indicators a complex of cultural phenomena (Flannery 1972)
such as writing, metallurgy, Predictive Science (e.g, astronomy, mathematic), Large
population aggregates; urbanization, Social stratification (classes), Occupational
specialization, e.g. full-time craft specialist, Monumental architecture and public works
Importantly, not all these indicators are present in all ancient civilization
oE.g., no writing in Ancient South America (Peru)
Quipo
oE.g., little evidence for ostentatious display of power in Harappan (Indus Valley)
civilization
Indicators Writing
Most early writing took the form of conventionalized and abstract pictorial forms
The letter A for example is thought to descended from a Semitic stylized drawing of the
head of an ox
Similarly the Chinese character ri (sun) at one time more closely resembled the sun
Later developments involve Syllabic / Alphabetic systems
oSyllabic written symbol for each syllable
E.g., cuneiform (Mesopotamia) and hieroglyphics (Egypt)
oAlphabetic written symbol for each vowel and consonant
E.g., Greek alphabet 22 symbols; Roman (Latin) alphabet 21 symbols
Indicators Metallurgy
Early Metalworking (copper / Bronze / Iron Ages) ca. 4000-600 BC in Europe
oBalkans ca. 4000 BC copper (hammered)
Axes, ornaments and other items traded over a wide area
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Description
What is Complex Society? Typically, there are indicators a complex of cultural phenomena (Flannery 1972) such as writing, metallurgy, Predictive Science (e.g, astronomy, mathematic), Large population aggregates; urbanization, Social stratification (classes), Occupational specialization, e.g. full-time craft specialist, Monumental architecture and public works Importantly, not all these indicators are present in all ancient civilization o E.g., no writing in Ancient South America (Peru) Quipo o E.g., little evidence for ostentatious display of power in Harappan (Indus Valley) civilization Indicators Writing Most early writing took the form of conventionalized and abstract pictorial forms The letter A for example
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