Lecture 4-5

21 views6 pages
4 Apr 2011
School
Department
Course
LinguisticLecture#4  Language,Culture,Society   Feb10th,2011
1. Outline
a. The“whorfhypothesis”language,culture,thought
b. Languageassymptomofsocialconditions
c. Usinglanguageasapartoflivinginsociety
d. Socialidentityandlanguage
e. Hegemony(awayofdominatingpplsotheyconsenttotheirdomination)
Signifierhellokittysandals
Signifiedcuteness,feminist,girlish
2. TheHelloKittyBurglar
a. MasakazuKandaissuspectedofinvolvementin452burglarycasesinvolvingatotalof55.5millionyen
b. Sandals:symbol,icon,indexofKanda
c. Significationalwaysdependsonthecontext
d. Languageisalwaysactualizedasabehavior,inalivingcontext
3. TheWhorfHypothesis
a. BenjaminWhorf[18971941]
b. Emptyoildrumvs.usedoildrum
c. Strongwhorfhypothesis=languagesdeterminesthought
d. Weakwhorfhypothesis=languagesinfluencesthought
4. Warning!
a. Linguisticrelativism
i. Donotexaggeratetheinfluenceoflanguage
b. J’aimelepoulet
i. Likeorlove
c. False:Frenchcan’sdifferentiatebetweenlikingfoodandlovingpeople
d. Spanish
i. QuierocomerIwanttoeat
ii. TequieroIloveyou
iii. False:Desireandlove
5. CulturalMeaning
a. Howeverlanguagedoesrelatetoculturespecifichabitsofthinking
b. Vocabulary/metaphor
6. Vocabulary
a. Polynesian:
i. mana=animpersonalforceosupernaturalorigin,foundinallobjects,personandanimalsanda
sourceofpower
b. Polynesianorigin,importantconceptinearlieranthropology
c. Englishhadtoimportthewordinordertohaveclearerconcept
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
d. Example2(English)
i. MarcelDuchamp1919(LHOOQ)
ii. Hot
iii. Shehasahotass(?)
iv. MarcelDuchamp1919LHOOQ(elleachaudaucul)
v. Cool
vi. Nice
vii. Weird
e. Example3(Love)
i. Doyouloveme?
ii. Isitlovedifyoudon’tsay“Iloveyou”?
iii. Isitpossibletobeinlovewithoutawordforlove?
f. Thehistoryoflove
i. Ahistoricallysituatedconcept
ii. AncientGreek:erosandagape
iii. Medievaltroubadours:loveoutsidemarriage
iv. Developingabout1450:“bourgeois”love
v. Thepreconditionformarriage
g. Thecapitalisteconomyandbourgeoislove
i. Mobile,wagelabour
ii. Weakerkinshipties
iii. Weakerfriendshipties
iv. Strongernuclearfamilyties
v. Thehusbandrwifer’shiptakesonsomeofthefunctionsoftheseweakenedties
h. Summary(love)
i. Iloveyouthestatementispartofourexperienceoflove
ii. Iloveyoualsomeansbywhichthesocioeconomicsystemproducesandreproducesitself
iii. Languagedoesnotdeterminecultureandculturedoesnotdeterminelanguage,but…
iv. Languageisapartofcultureandsociallife
7. Metaphorandculture
a. Sociolinguistic
i. Studyoflanguageinsociety
ii. Studyoflanguageinsocialbehavior
iii. Usually,thefocusisonlanguagevariation
b. Languagesvarieties
i. Languages,dialects,accentspopular;notscientificterms
8. Nation,language,dialect(importantforMCQ)
a. Languageisadialectwithanarmy
b. LanguagesDanish,Norwegian,Russian,Ukrainian,Malay,Indonesian;Serbian,Croatianlanguages
withastate
c. DialectsCantonese,Fukinese,Mandarin,etc…;Tagalog,Ilokanonostate
d. Languageswithareligion(andscript)Serbian,Croatian,Hindi,Urdu
e. LanguagesIdeology
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.