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Lecture 4

Lecture 4-5

6 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts

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LinguisticLecture#4  Language,Culture,Society   Feb10th,2011
1. Outline
a. The“whorfhypothesis”language,culture,thought
b. Languageassymptomofsocialconditions
c. Usinglanguageasapartoflivinginsociety
d. Socialidentityandlanguage
e. Hegemony(awayofdominatingpplsotheyconsenttotheirdomination)
Signifierhellokittysandals
Signifiedcuteness,feminist,girlish
2. TheHelloKittyBurglar
a. MasakazuKandaissuspectedofinvolvementin452burglarycasesinvolvingatotalof55.5millionyen
b. Sandals:symbol,icon,indexofKanda
c. Significationalwaysdependsonthecontext
d. Languageisalwaysactualizedasabehavior,inalivingcontext
3. TheWhorfHypothesis
a. BenjaminWhorf[18971941]
b. Emptyoildrumvs.usedoildrum
c. Strongwhorfhypothesis=languagesdeterminesthought
d. Weakwhorfhypothesis=languagesinfluencesthought
4. Warning!
a. Linguisticrelativism
i. Donotexaggeratetheinfluenceoflanguage
b. J’aimelepoulet
i. Likeorlove
c. False:Frenchcan’sdifferentiatebetweenlikingfoodandlovingpeople
d. Spanish
i. QuierocomerIwanttoeat
ii. TequieroIloveyou
iii. False:Desireandlove
5. CulturalMeaning
a. Howeverlanguagedoesrelatetoculturespecifichabitsofthinking
b. Vocabulary/metaphor
6. Vocabulary
a. Polynesian:
i. mana=animpersonalforceosupernaturalorigin,foundinallobjects,personandanimalsanda
sourceofpower
b. Polynesianorigin,importantconceptinearlieranthropology
c. Englishhadtoimportthewordinordertohaveclearerconcept
www.notesolution.com
d. Example2(English)
i. MarcelDuchamp1919(LHOOQ)
ii. Hot
iii. Shehasahotass(?)
iv. MarcelDuchamp1919LHOOQ(elleachaudaucul)
v. Cool
vi. Nice
vii. Weird
e. Example3(Love)
i. Doyouloveme?
ii. Isitlovedifyoudon’tsay“Iloveyou”?
iii. Isitpossibletobeinlovewithoutawordforlove?
f. Thehistoryoflove
i. Ahistoricallysituatedconcept
ii. AncientGreek:erosandagape
iii. Medievaltroubadours:loveoutsidemarriage
iv. Developingabout1450:“bourgeois”love
v. Thepreconditionformarriage
g. Thecapitalisteconomyandbourgeoislove
i. Mobile,wagelabour
ii. Weakerkinshipties
iii. Weakerfriendshipties
iv. Strongernuclearfamilyties
v. Thehusbandrwifer’shiptakesonsomeofthefunctionsoftheseweakenedties
h. Summary(love)
i. Iloveyouthestatementispartofourexperienceoflove
ii. Iloveyoualsomeansbywhichthesocioeconomicsystemproducesandreproducesitself
iii. Languagedoesnotdeterminecultureandculturedoesnotdeterminelanguage,but…
iv. Languageisapartofcultureandsociallife
7. Metaphorandculture
a. Sociolinguistic
i. Studyoflanguageinsociety
ii. Studyoflanguageinsocialbehavior
iii. Usually,thefocusisonlanguagevariation
b. Languagesvarieties
i. Languages,dialects,accentspopular;notscientificterms
8. Nation,language,dialect(importantforMCQ)
a. Languageisadialectwithanarmy
b. LanguagesDanish,Norwegian,Russian,Ukrainian,Malay,Indonesian;Serbian,Croatianlanguages
withastate
c. DialectsCantonese,Fukinese,Mandarin,etc…;Tagalog,Ilokanonostate
d. Languageswithareligion(andscript)Serbian,Croatian,Hindi,Urdu
e. LanguagesIdeology
www.notesolution.com

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Description
th LinguisticLecture#4 Language,Culture,Society Feb10 ,2011 1. Outline a. Thewhorfhypothesislanguage,culture,thought b. Languageassymptomofsocialconditions c. Usinglanguageasapartoflivinginsociety d. Socialidentityandlanguage e. Hegemony(awayofdominatingpplsotheyconsenttotheirdomination) Signifierhellokittysandals Signifiedcuteness,feminist,girlish 2. TheHelloKittyBurglar a. MasakazuKandaissuspectedofinvolvementin452burglarycasesinvolvingatotalof55.5millionyen b. Sandals:symbol,icon,indexofKanda c. Significationalwaysdependsonthecontext d. Languageisalwaysactualizedasabehavior,inalivingcontext 3. TheWhorfHypothesis a. BenjaminWhorf[18971941] b. Emptyoildrumvs.usedoildrum c. Strongwhorfhypothesis=languagesdeterminesthought d. Weakwhorfhypothesis=languagesinfluencesthought 4. Warning! a. Linguisticrelativism i. Donotexaggeratetheinfluenceoflanguage b. Jaimelepoulet i. Likeorlove c. False:Frenchcansdifferentiatebetweenlikingfoodandlovingpeople d. Spanish i. QuierocomerIwanttoeat ii. TequieroIloveyou iii. False:Desireandlove 5. CulturalMeaning a. Howeverlanguagedoesrelatetoculturespecifichabitsofthinking b. Vocabularymetaphor 6. Vocabulary a. Polynesian: i. mana=animpersonalforceosupernaturalorigin,foundinallobjects,personandanimalsanda sourceofpower b. Polynesianorigin,importantconceptinearlieranthropology c. Englishhadtoimportthewordinordertohaveclearerconcept www.notesolution.com
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