Evolutionary Anthropology

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6 Apr 2011
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Evolutionary Anthropology
๎€Application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of morphology, ecology,
behavior of human and non-human primates
Primatology
๎€Scientific studies of non-human primates
๎€Anatomy -> investigation of psych -> field studies
๎€Conserve
Paleoanthropology
๎€Bio evo of primates; advent of and changes in human cultural activities
๎€Evo history of behavior in primates
Human Variation
๎€Spatial and temporal variations in human futures
Medical Anthropology
๎€Social, environmental, biological factors influence health and illness at community,
regional, national and global levels
Forensic Anthropology
๎€Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans
๎€forensic anthropologists seek to determine age, sex, stature, ancestry trauma,
disease of deceased
Major Questions about Humans and Biology
๎€How does evo work and apply to us
๎€What are bio characteristics of our species
๎€Physical record of evolution (paleoanthropology) and how do we see this in the fossils
of extinct forms of humans
Research
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๎€Evolutionary anthropology grounded in scientific method: state problem, gather info,
form hypothesis, test hypothesis, record and analyze data, state conclusion, repeat
work
๎€Concept of evo ant changed; 200 years ago, notion that humans undergoing evo was
heresy in many places
๎€Piece together history of evo theory like solving mystery
Carolus Linnaeus (Karl von Linne, 1707-1778)
๎€First comprehensive classification system for living things
๎€Each plant and animal was named as separate species
๎€On basis of physical resemblances, species grouped into genera (singular genus)
broader category
๎€Binomial nomenclature; first letter of genus capitalized, โ€œHomoโ€
๎€Species designations lower case always, โ€œsapiensโ€
๎€Off-set text by underlining if handwriting, or italicizing when typing
๎€Linnaeus is not an evolutionist; Scala naturae (Natureโ€™s ladder); believer of young
earth that earth was created on afternoon of Oct 23, 4004BC; divine creation (Fixity
of species, God created everything)
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788)
๎€Earthโ€™s history longer than biblical 6000years (ca 75000 years), major issue with
contemporary religious authorities
๎€Founded biogeography by noting that despite similar environments, different regions
have distinct plants and animals
๎€Known as heretic in his day, threatened severely by church
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829)
๎€Inheritance of acquired characteristics: vital forces within creatures to help them
adapt to environment
๎€Acquired traits developed thru use or disuse, passed on to future generations
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Document Summary

application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of morphology, ecology, behavior of human and non-human primates. anatomy -> investigation of psych -> field studies. bio evo of primates; advent of and changes in human cultural activities. spatial and temporal variations in human futures. social, environmental, biological factors influence health and illness at community, regional, national and global levels. Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans forensic anthropologists seek to determine age, sex, stature, ancestry trauma, disease of deceased. how does evo work and apply to us. what are bio characteristics of our species. physical record of evolution (paleoanthropology) and how do we see this in the fossils of extinct forms of humans. evolutionary anthropology grounded in scientific method: state problem, gather info, form hypothesis, test hypothesis, record and analyze data, state conclusion, repeat work.

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