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Social Lec 3

Course Code
Christopher Watts

of 3
Socio-Anthropology Lecture #5
Nuclear family or same other unit?
oDaughters moving in with husbands family
Dayak Longhouse
oMany nuclear families live on one enormous house
Patterns of Post-Marriage Residence
Neolocal (new locality)
Not: patrilocal, matrilocal, uxorilocal, virilocal, avunculocal
Quality of Relationships
Affective relations like love between husband and wife versus love between sister
and brother
Patriarchal relations (blood ties between parents and children; males, females)
Hypergamy in some cases (marrying up; female in low social status marries higher
Normative versus actual
Marriage Rules and Preferences
Incest taboo (marrying cousins; biological becomes social marriage) and exogamy
Hypergamy ideal for some
oPatterns of exchange between families
Most important according to Levi (I didnt catch his name LOL)
Sometimes family does exchange; one gives away daughter to another village, in
return they give one of their daughters to marry their son
Sometimes circle exchange: Kinship A gives to Kinship B which gives to Kinship C
which gives back to Kinship A
oSometimes they are families of different statuses
Forces of Change
Economy: economic determinism?
oRise of nuclear family became working family which helped industrialization;
woman staying home; father did office labour; now things are shifting (ex.
Increase in granny flats)
Patterns of Family Relations
1)What family relations are important?
2)What is the nuclear family?
3)How does kinship studies denaturalize the nuclear family?
4)How do new reproductive technologies denaturalize the nuclear family?
Ex. IVF, gay parents etc.
Edward Taylor
1832 1917
Described animism as the belief that the world is populated by spirits
Argues animism is faulty reasoning -> ignorance
Belief vs. Knowledge
Belief (them): Magic, witchcraft, superstition, religion (?), Fetish
Knowledge (us): Science, reason, naturalism, religion (?), Fact
James Frazer
1854 1941
Author of the Golden Bough
Says there are 2 types of magic: 1) imitative magic (ex. Voodoo dolls); 2) Contagious
magic (ex. Parts of people still affect them like their nail clippings, hair strands etc.)
Witchcraft and Sorcery
Witchcraft is the individual ability create misfortune for others in spiritual ways
Evans Pritchard on the Azande (also in Southern Sudan)
A society without accidents?
Secondary elaboration to explain contradictions between experience and belief
oEx. Pellet, falling in love with someone through magic; if it doesnt work they
come up with secondary elaborations
People say magic is similar to science
oEx. Weather vs. pellet; weathers always wrong but people make secondary
Anthropology of Science
Key Authors: Emily Martin, Bruno Latour, Michael Faucault, Donna Haraway