Social Lec 3
Socio-Anthropology Lecture #5
•Nuclear family or same other unit?
oDaughters moving in with husband’s family
oMany nuclear families live on one enormous house
Patterns of Post-Marriage Residence
•Neolocal (new locality)
•Not: patrilocal, matrilocal, uxorilocal, virilocal, avunculocal
Quality of Relationships
•Affective relations like “love” between husband and wife versus “love” between sister
•Patriarchal relations (blood ties between parents and children; males, females)
•Hypergamy in some cases (marrying “up”; female in low social status marries higher
•Normative versus actual
Marriage Rules and Preferences
•Incest taboo (marrying cousins; biological becomes social marriage) and exogamy
•Hypergamy ideal for some
oPatterns of exchange between families
Most important according to Levi… (I didn’t catch his name LOL)
•Sometimes family does exchange; one gives away daughter to another village, in
return they give one of their daughters to marry their son
•Sometimes circle exchange: Kinship A gives to Kinship B which gives to Kinship C
which gives back to Kinship A
oSometimes they are families of different statuses
Forces of Change
•Economy: economic determinism?
oRise of nuclear family became working family which helped industrialization;
woman staying home; father did office labour; now things are shifting (ex.
Increase in granny flats)
Patterns of Family Relations
1)What family relations are important?
2)What is the nuclear family?
3)How does kinship studies denaturalize the nuclear family?
4)How do new reproductive technologies denaturalize the nuclear family?
Ex. IVF, gay parents etc.
•1832 – 1917
•Described animism as the belief that the world is populated by spirits
•Argues animism is “faulty reasoning” -> ignorance
Belief vs. Knowledge
•Belief (them): Magic, witchcraft, superstition, religion (?), Fetish
•Knowledge (us): Science, reason, naturalism, religion (?), Fact
•1854 – 1941
•Author of the Golden Bough
•Says there are 2 types of magic: 1) imitative magic (ex. Voodoo dolls); 2) Contagious
magic (ex. Parts of people still affect them like their nail clippings, hair strands etc.)
Witchcraft and Sorcery
•Witchcraft is “the individual ability create misfortune for others in spiritual ways”
•Evans Pritchard on the Azande (also in Southern Sudan)
•A society without accidents?
•“Secondary elaboration” to explain contradictions between experience and belief
oEx. Pellet, falling in love with someone through magic; if it doesn’t work they
come up with secondary elaborations
•People say ‘magic’ is similar to ‘science’
oEx. Weather vs. pellet; weathers always wrong but people make secondary
Anthropology of Science
•Key Authors: Emily Martin, Bruno Latour, Michael Faucault, Donna Haraway