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Lecture

new ideas, new worlds

4 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts

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New ideas, New worlds
Lecture 4
nov,18/2010
colonization: australia
-colonization of australia by at least 40kya, definitely with use of watercraft
-Willandra Lakes Region (SE australia- NSW)
-evidence of human settlement between 37 and 26 kya; shell middens and campsites
The 1st americans
-some debate as to when people 1st arrived in the americas
-arch. evidence- likely ca. 15thousand yrs ago; passage south by 14kya
-Beringia (landmass linking NE Asia with Alaska)
-now the Bering Sea
-Tracking migrating herds of caribou?
Paleoindians
-dated to between 14-18kya
-famous for fluted-point technology known as Clovis
-originally associated with big game hunting, no w believed they also took bison and
caribou, fish, sea-mammals
-opportunistic and very mobile; settled in a diverse array of environments
Early site: Monte Verde (chile)
-dfinitely occupied by 14kya; may have been occupied as early as 31kya
-good preservation of bone and wooden artifacts; wooden houses covered with hides
-emphasis on plant foods (ex. potato)
After the paleotlithic
-between ca. 20 and 14 kya, we see the following changes;
!-glaciers retreat/ sea levels rise
!-temp. increase
!-humidity increase
!-some plant and animal species disappear (ex. Megafauna in the Americas)
-many groups adapted by broadening their resource bases
!-example, Mesolithic groups in Europe, Near East
-increased use of fish, shellfish, small mammals, seeds and nuts
-later, people began to INTENSIFY their exploitation of certain resources
!-example, 8000BC in the near east (South west asia)
-example, 7000BC in Mesoamerica
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Description
New ideas, New worlds Lecture 4 nov,182010 colonization: australia - colonization of australia by at least 40kya, denitely with use of watercraft - Willandra Lakes Region (SE australia- NSW) -evidence of human settlement between 37 and 26 kya; shell middens and campsites The 1st americans - some debate as to when people 1st arrived in the americas - arch. evidence- likely ca. 15thousand yrs ago; passage south by 14kya - Beringia (landmass linking NE Asia with Alaska) - now the Bering Sea -Tracking migrating herds of caribou? Paleoindians -dated to between 14-18kya -famous for uted-point technology known as Clovis -originally associated with big game hunting, no w believed they also took bison and caribou, sh, sea-mammals -opportunistic and very mobile; settled in a diverse array of environments Early site: Monte Verde (chile) -dnitely occupied by 14kya; may have been occupied as early as 31kya - good preservation of bone and wooden artifacts; wooden houses covered with hides - emphasis on plant foods (ex. potato) After the paleotlithic -between ca. 20 and 14 kya, we see the following changes; -glaciers retreat sea levels rise -temp. increase -humidity increase -some plant and animal species disappear (ex. Megafauna in the Americas) -many groups adapted by broadening their resource bases -example, Mesolithic groups in Europe, Near East -increased use of sh, shellsh, small mammals, seeds and nuts -later, people began to INTENSIFY their exploitation of certain resources -example, 8000BC in the near east (South west asia) - example, 7000BC in Mesoamerica www.notesolution.com
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