ANT200Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Neanderthal, Oldowan, Stone Tool

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12 Sep 2017
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archeorocks@gmail.com - any questions go to this email
● Terms tests: worth 25% each, one each semester
○ 2 weeks before the test, you get a list of 20-30 names/places/periods to study for
the test
○ For each term, you should know what it is, how old it is, where it’s from, and why
it’s important
● Tutorial tests: worth 5% each, one each semester
● “Digging in” writing response
○ 16 in total, each worth 2.5%
○ Write informally, like a blog (no swear words) (maybe start with a question)
○ 650-750 words
○ Question to be answered in each response is posted to blackboard after class
○ To submit, click on Assignments on Blackboard, copy and paste it into the
dialogue box
Archaeology studies material traces of the human past
● Stones tools, pottery, footprints, origins of fire, etc.
● It extends the limits of the written records
We can have a memory of something, or collective memory shared by many people
● The mechanism to go beyond what has been experienced and passed down, past our
memories and collective memories, lies within archaeology
○ Happens through excavation
Archaeology vs. Prehistory
● Archaeology is a way of approaching the study of the past
● Prehistory is the actual story you put together after gaining knowledge through
archaeology; it’s a narrative of the human past that extends beyond the limitations of
written records
● They are both scientific as they seek to expand knowledge, and both allow for discovery
Archaeological Ethics
● Ex. First Nations pushing back against people digging up their land and being
researched
● Discussion surrounding ethics has increased due to conflict between archaeologists and
the local communities - but now, there’s more cooperation than tension
○ It’s important for an archaeologist to find out how the local people operate, what
their beliefs/believed history is
● First, you recognize context (the key to archaeology - we are interested in things where
they are found, bc of their relative closeness to other objects)
● Society of American Archaeology Code of Ethics says we should focus on
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Document Summary

Terms tests: worth 25% each, one each semester. Any questions go to this email. 2 weeks before the test, you get a list of 20-30 names/places/periods to study for. For each term, you should know what it is, how old it is, where it"s from, and why the test it"s important. Tutorial tests: worth 5% each, one each semester. Write informally, like a blog (no swear words) (maybe start with a question) It extends the limits of the written records. The mechanism to go beyond what has been experienced and passed down, past our memories and collective memories, lies within archaeology. Archaeology is a way of approaching the study of the past. Prehistory is the actual story you put together after gaining knowledge through archaeology; it"s a narrative of the human past that extends beyond the limitations of written records. They are both scientific as they seek to expand knowledge, and both allow for discovery.

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