The doing of archaeology: kinds and scales of archaeological data, field methods and analysis. Archaeological record: the matrices in which artefacts, sites and other human-manufactured features or results of past human action are found. Archaeologists can use this to try to piece together the systemic context how life was actually lived and experienced: not necessarily found below ground, e. g. cultural landscapes. Chaco canyon extensive inter-regional exchange, 650kms of roads, stairways, ramps in. Three typical elements of archaeological research: observed material culture. Features, provenience, etc. that can be recovered: unobserved human/nonhuman activity. Must try to reconstruct the lifestyle tied to the context of recovered material. Seemingly insignificant objects can provide a wealth of information. Each archaeologists brings something different to the conversation social upbringing, political ideas, gender bias, etc. Spatial (no material correlate, but no less significant; an intangible plane): activity areas sites regions.