Lecture 10- Mar 28.rtf

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23 Apr 2012
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ANT204
Lecture 10: March 28, 2012
Globalization, agriculture, and climate justice
Readings:
(T) Graeber- "The Globalization Movement: Some Points of
Clarification"
Crate, "Climate and Culture: Anthropology in the Era of
Contemporary Climate Change"
Environmentalism and politics: anti neoliberalism
Any meaningful response to global warming would be a fatal blow
to free markets and capitalism.
Peters Map- most of the lands in the global south- most of
climate change is going to affect the global south
Climate refugees- displaced due to loss of livelihood
Ask hunger increases, domestic violence increases- the effects
are multiple, many layers of effects
They can be recruited to exacerbate conditions
Coastal flooding
Kyoto: no one wants to take responsibility, it's all about GDP,
profit
Those who live in industrial countries we have to take
responsibility!
A new "Scramble for Africa" -
Agrifuels, Africa loses access to forests - when people use forests
for subsistence, it doesn't help to put protection
on them, people are getting displaced off their
land
La Via Campesina movement-
Hegemony and Resistance:
Gramsci's theory that a culturally diverse society can be ruled by
the dominant, privileged class, who manipulates
the status quo; beliefs, perceptions, explanations
normalized as beneficial to all, while actually
benefitting only the 1%.
Neoliberalism capitalism- go shopping, do things
individualistically, do things on your own
We need a collective revolution of capitalism and neoliberalism- it
is an economic model that needs infinite growth
But we have finite resources
We need to have renewable energy
Hegemony- less people are believing that we are the cause of
climate change
The oil companies are putting tons of money into making us
believe that everything is fine
We need direct action on a massive scale (unlike protest)-
planting a garden, getting involved in Occupy
Democrats believe the science, that we are the ones causing
climate change, while Republicans don't believe it
Climate change has become an identity issue.
We would have to do localized economies, regulate our
corporations to intervene in our economy
Setting up a false crisis so they can do things without too much
resistance
Fundamentalism and Republicanism
Basic tenets of evangelical climate skepticism
The environmental movement is Pagan
Harper and the Christian and Missionary Alliance
Free market is divinely inspired, neoliberalism
Environmentalists are "one of the greatest threats to society and
the church today"
God established government for limited purposes, God should not
intervene in the workings of the free working
economy
Criminality, dissent
Panopticon:
We don't need cops in every cell- every person polices himself
Efficient way of ruling the population- self regulation
Athabasca Oil Sands Alberta
Aboriginal groups in Canada, some of whom vow to shut down
Alberta's oil sands- are warning that about 35% of
fossil fuels found in North America are on or near
indigenous lands.
Underwater earthquakes, tsunamis
Science
Pipelines: Frontier oil- reinscribing colonialism
Indigenous environmental network- keystone, Enbridge
Food
Increasing hunger and malnutrition, climate change, resource
depletion rising food prices
Monopoliation of food supply from seed to table- Monsanto, GMO
and biopiracy
Neocolonialism- land grabs in Africa, migrant farm labour,
destruction of rain forests, etc.