ANT253H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Russian Mafia, Natsuki Mizu, Ohiya

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10 Aug 2016
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8/10/16
ANT253 Lecture 3
Chapter 1 continued...
-Language Use
-There are various ways to study language
-What is language made up of? It in itself is a way of understanding it
-Why they got separated is beyond me
-Pragmatics- A technical term for language use, it is practical in a certain way, guided
by a system of units....
-The founder of modern day semiotics
-Communicative Competence- Can be studied Dell Hymes
-What makes up communicative competence?
-register- level of formality, based on class, gender, situation
-Identity in conversation- What you are without you wanting it to be
-For some reason if I wanted to join a hip hop group then I would have to talk in a
certain way
-Gender- in English it is harder and harder to reveal in language, modern day culture
are removing the markers for gender
-Markedness- We understand things not in and of themselves but in comparison to
something else if that comparison is not it is opposition
-If I say night what comes up in your mind? Day night, small, tall, white, black, true and
false
-They fill in the blanks in between
-Night and day- which one is the default and which one isn't?
-Day is unmarked you don't even notice it
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8/10/16
-Night is marked it has distinctive qualities
-It's going to detect them and that is what markedness is all about
-Mr. And Mrs. Does it tell you if he is married? No. Does it tell you if she is married?
yes
-All our myths are based on opposition
-Variation- Language will vary as humans do
-Dialect vs. Sociolect- A person in Alabama will speak differently than someone who
speaks English in Newfoundland
-Indicates and looks at the social views of all the dialects
-Sociolect- varies in the the society (basically the register)
-Bilingualism and speech communities
-You and I are in a broader speech community where we don't feel we belong
-You may even form a physical community
-Important topics- You don't belong to a speech community without the value of
speech
-Facebook more informational rather than other things
-Those kind of criteria don't usually exist
-Basil Bernstein- It's a code restricted and elaborated codes
-If I was a member of the mafia then my code would be restricted and I would never be
allowed to use the elaborated code
-Code use and success in life and success in education
-Mass Communications-
-1.) A new face on the langue and parole interface by adding new dimensions to the
dichotomy there can be an environment (real and virtual) multimodal it's and
hypertexuality
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