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Lecture 4

Archaeology-Lecture 4-Upper Paleolithic Lifeways and Peopling of the Americas Nov 20 2008

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT100Y1
Professor
Marcel Danesi
Semester
Fall

Description
ANT100 Introduction to Anthropology 2008 Archaeology Section Lecture 4 - Upper Paleolithic Lifeways and Peopling of the Americas November 20, 2008 Summary of Lecture 4 Content Summary of Cultural Chronology N Lower Paleolithic: 2.5 MYA to 300 KYA o H. Habilis (Oldowan); H. Erectus (Acheliuan) N Middle Paleolithic: 300 KYA- 40K YA o Neanderthals N Upper Paleolithic- 400, 000- 14 KYA o Modern Human Beings Modern Human Origins N Introduction o Modern humans (H. sapiens sapiens) emerge between 200 and 100 KYA o Earliest evidence is from Africa o Some debate with regard to evolutionary mechanism- continuity or replacement N Models - Multiregional vs. Out of Africa o N mtDNA evidence o mtDNA evidence goes against the mutliregional model Modern humans derive from a 200 KYA African population (little or no interbreeding with Archaic HS) Genetic material most diverse among African populations; suggest longer period of development here 8 base pair differences among exact populations (suggests some 30 KYA development, not 1.8 million)! Cultural
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