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ANT100Y1 Lecture 1 Languistics.docx

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Ivan Kalmar

ANT100Y1 Lecture 1 Languistics 1/17/2013 3:57:00 PM Moities of anthro:  1) evo/ bio and archeological o bones and stones  2) social cultural and linguistic-semiotics Office hours Mon 2:30 -4 Origins of anthro th  The age of imperialism (mid 19=20 ventury  The most important imperial powers were Britain and france  Modern anthro developed from the west colonizing the rest  The West(north) became dominant all over the world  More than ever was known in the west about the non-west Antrho and the non-west  Anthro was largely the discipline fr explaining the non-west  General, public/ early anthropologists understood the nonwest in terms of three differences: o A) linguistic (language) (linguistic ant.) o B) cultural (social cult. Anthro. o C) physical/ racial (physical(bio) ant. o D) material (culture anthro. And archaeology)  All civilizations degernate from the past  They wanted to dig up the past  Curiosity of west of nonwest grew until mid 20 th o This is how most western nations understood themselves Public prejudice  West bio (race), material culture (tech), language and culture were considered to be most advanced  Including scientists (mmostly not modern anthro, but philosophers, philologers nd amateur archae)  “primitive” races, cult. Lang.--- hunter-gatherers  “barbarians”- Nomads  “Civilized”, races cult, lang Ethnocentrism  Seeing everything from the perspective of own people (“ethnic group” Anthro, imperialism, enthrocent.  Anthro-ists had an ambiguous relationship w/ imperialism and enthoncentricism  Modern anthro-ists cont to the building f western empire but: o While unable to escape some of the prejudices of their time, most anthro-gists tried to do so Brownislaw Malinowski, 1884-1942  In the trobriand Islands, 1918  Each culture responds to its own niche equally well o Niche-special environment Franz Boas, 1858-1942  With the Kwakwaka’ wakw (KWakiuti) family, Vancouver island, 1894  Each cuture has a complex language, culture, physical type, and non is inferior to any other  A higher culture is one that recognizes tat we are all equally human Margaret Mead. 1901-1978  In Bali, doing visual anthro  Orderly, complex customs in non-wesern societies  Diff psych tupes in diff culture group, but no hierarchy Lang, Cult, knowledge, prejudice Language  Only one way of signifying o Signifying= making sense, to convey/ communicate sense and meaning  It is a system of making sense; signifying system  Other systems of making sense: o Signs, pictures, conveying meanings  They have these functins, communication, identity formation and representation Communication:  Function to communicate  Speaker (sender)  Hearer (receiver)  C
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