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Lecture 4

ANTC61 Lecture 4 & article.docx

6 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Bianca Dahl

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Article: Changes in Controversial Organ Donation Method Stir Fears  Critics, however, say the move heightens the risk that potential donors will be treated more like tissue banks than like sick people deserving every chance to live, or to die peacefully. DCD involves surgeons taking organs within minutes of respirators and other forms of life support have being cut off from hospitalized patients who still have at least some brain activity. DCD had been the norm for organ donors before neurological criteria — ―brain death‖ — became the standard in the early 1970s. Since then, most donors have been brain-dead. Article  Dilemmas: > the decision of Americans to travel aborad to obtain organs > The plight of bruce tucker > The story of Jesica Santillan > moving americans abord to find lifesaving organ transplants, and moving te body parts of a deceased child in Boston to the Duke University Medical Centre in Durham  Jesica was a kind of hybrid figure, a controversial, remarkably agile medical citizen  how were doctors able to Procure organs so quickly when thousands of other patients were waiting? These stories and commentary soon turned to ugly questions about why organs from an American citizen were used to save the life of an undocumented immigrant when so many American citizens were dying while waiting for transplants http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/changes-in-controversial-organ- donation-method-stir-fears/2011/09/15/gIQAlY9agK_story.html Surgeons retrieving organs for transplant just after a donor‘s heart stops beating would no longer have to wait at least two minutes to be sure the heart doesn‘t spontaneously start beating again under new rules being considered by the group that coordinates organ allocation in the United States. DCD= donation after cardiac death  Critics, however, say the move heightens the risk that potential donors will be treated more like tissue banks than like sick people deserving every chance to live, or to die peacefully.  DCD involves surgeons taking organs within minutes of respirators and other forms of life support have being cut off from hospitalized patients who still have at least some brain activity. DCD had been the norm for organ donors before neurological criteria — ―brain death‖ — became the standard in the early 1970s. Since then, most donors have been brain-dead.  DCD advocates say the potential donors are unquestionably going to die because everyone involved agrees further treatment is futile. At least the patients and their families should be able to find solace by helping save someone else, this argument says.  Critics, however, call DCD ghoulish and raise the specter of transplant surgeons preying on dying patients. Doctors, nurses and bioethicists who hold this view fear the medical system will give up on potential donors in their final days or even possibly speed their deaths by giving them anti-clotting medication or other organ-preserving drugs, which could hasten death  DCD advocates say the potential donors are unquestionably going to die because everyone involved agrees further treatment is futile. At least the patients and their families should be able to find solace by helping save someone else, this argument says.  Critics, however, call DCD ghoulish and raise the specter of transplant surgeons preying on dying patients. Doctors, nurses and bioethicists who hold this view fear the medical system will give up on potential donors in their final days or even possibly speed their deaths by giving them anti-clotting medication or other organ-preserving drugs, which could hasten death http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/organ-transplant-scandal-shocks-germany- a-848016.html A surgeon identified as Dr. Aiman O. is suspected of fraudulently manipulating dozens of his patients' test results, making them appear sicker than they were to get them liver transplants more quickly -- and possibly putting them ahead of people who more desperately needed them. ANTC61 Lecture 4- Oct 2  Making HIV an ‗other‘ illness  Big companies like Apple, Nike, American express sign up for product Red, but it‘s funny because they, themselves use red in their symbols  Those companies are perpetuating the very same inequalities  Those companies were actually spending more in the Product Red advertisements than for the cause itself  Not all women experience the pink as cultivating and bad  People out there are implicated that they had contracted breast cancer 1) DISCOURSE, focus on how people say what we say about controversial things (it could be in the newspaper, media, etc) 2) Everything from media coverage to conspiracy theories can highlight IDEOLOGY (belief structure, social values) at play (cholera epidemic, female genital cuts) 3) Who gets to speak, to define authoritative accounts, is a product of POWER Concepts in Briggs (cholera article)  Agency—the freedom or ability to act in a meaningful way  Neoliberalism—free market is the best way to solve society‘s issues
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