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Nov. 4, 2010 Lecture: Analysis and Interpretation This is the second lecture of Professor Watts for the Archaeology segment of the year. It may look short, but the more condensed, the better!

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University of Toronto St. George
Christopher Watts

DefinitionsCorethe block of raw material from which flakes are struckFlakethe relatively thin fragment of Analysis and Interpretationlithic material removed from a coreNovember0410Debitagethe byproducts of core 608 PMreduction includes flakes and Reconstructionexhausted corescareful analysis of the environment in which Materials are found in order to saySpatial Analysissomething about thecircumstancesby which that material came to be there Paul BahnAlso known as Settle ArchaeologyCircumstances naturaland humanagenciesInterpreting the spatial distributions of artifacts Data Processingfeatures sites etc In an effort to reconstruct past Cleaningtaking maybe toothbrushes to brush rubble off artifacthuman actionConservationImportance of ethnoarchaeologymodellingMay or may not be necessary depends on the artifact classTrying to understand past human actionsEmployed more for delicate artifacts like textilesCrucial part of archaeologyCataloguingGIS Geographical Information SystemsData OrganizationMost popular tool today for getting at spatial patternsInvolved classificationComputerbased system for the input analysis Process by which we assign items to categories classes in a prearranged management and output of georeferenced spatial datasystemCan perform sophisticated multivariate analysesRulesdetermine whether an item belongs or does not belong to a class Reconstructing Social SystemsHow were societies organizeddetermines the inclusiveness of various classesTwo interrelated questionsOne popular method of classification and analysis is through the use of typologyWhat was the size or scale of the societyTypology classification of artifact states based on some criterion or criteriaWas it autonomous or interdependentSomething that allows you to further organize the dataHow was it organized internallyExample MacNeishs pottery types and Middleport Oblique pot from Picton How did they deal with issues of status gender ethnicity Ontarioagency etcQuestion Were the artifact types we recognize today also recognized in the pastOne popular modelService 1962useful but not In other words are they emicor eticin naturesophisticatedEmicinsiders viewof culture the type was recognized by its manufacturer Bandsas meaningfulSmall scale100 peopleEticoutsiders view of culture the type is only meaningful to the analystEgalitarian informal leadershipTypically we distinguish betweenTend to be highly mobiletemporary campsArtifacts which include items made fromOldest form of social organizationStone LithicsExample all Palaeolithic societiesClay CeramicsTribesMetalLarger th
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