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ANT347Y Lec 3 Methods of Research and Writing The Flaneur.pdf

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University of Toronto St. George
Sharon Kelly

Lec 3 Methods of Research and Writing: The Flaneur September-24-13 12:05 PM Check blackboard for choosing presentation groups Feb25 - Moscow and Methods of Research and Writing Outline: ○ The Figures Approach to Writing  Figure and Ground  Figure vs. Type ○ Research Methods in Urban Anthro ○ What is the Flaneur?  The History of the Flaneur  The Method of the Flaneur  The Flaneur and the Flaneuse ○ The Flaneur Assignment Figure - Walter Benjamin article ○ A flaneur - Something about the nature, led to a form of writing that is broken into fragments - Gestalt terminology - simultaneous fragments of a whole set of parts - Fragments - Kobayashi - The Usual Suspects (clip from film) Figure and Ground - - Famous image - 2 ways to see image, 2 faces facing each other or a vase in the middle - Which is the figure and which is the ground depends on which we choose to foreground and which to background - Highlights the role of actor, activity of the perceiver defines which is figure and what is ground - Figure Ground: ROME ○ Urban planning, figure ground is used in mapping ○ Roads ○ Relationships of voids and the built environment ○ Images like this can be used to highlight relationships such as between dwellings and street, people and cars, pedestrians and automobiles, public and private (e.g. white spaces is public, dark spaces is private) - The notion of the "accumulation city" and the "concept city" - Eisenstaedt famous photo: V-J Day in Times Square Lectures Page 1 - ○ Both the soldier and nurse are symbols larger than life ○ Iconic of a certain sense of what America 'was' ○ Located at core of urbanism (Times Square in NYC) ○ Background of pedestrians and city, and foreground is the couple in embrace ○ Symbol of American post-war power and sense of nation that stands behind it ○ Gretta Zimmerfriedman  She didn't know the man who had embraced her in the picture ○ We learn what is like in her experience in the moment and retrospectively what its like to be portrayed in this way ○ Different background for this photo, deep-readed sexism ○ Masculine military triumph ○ Through these diff interpretations, depending on one's vantage point, one can identify diff background what these figures represent, use of writing ○ Individuals larger than life - Ethnographic approach - by focusing on tension of what the individuals feel, and the experience of that and how they resolve the tension of experience - The risk of focusing only on types (e.g. type of hobo, etc..) - this enters a realm of stereotype - Stereotype - the type has been evacuated from its political history, history of conflict - Trope / literary device - Macroscopic scale, the different ways people position themselves, depending on their broader matrix, - Sharon Kelly article ○ The "condo owner" ○ Regent park = was a region of public housing and a really poor area - In post-war era, slums - social segregation, mental institutions (used to call Asylum) - Revitalizing and renovating for the poor, - Post-war period was to give people public housing, - Urban; stigma - Environmentally determinist, you change environment .. It will change the social reality, it will change people's mentality and maybe even their fate (environment affects people) - There was a wall around the CAMH on Queen , and it was called "Asylum", the wall was later removed - Social mix, mixed income area (creating new public spaces, parks,…) - Normalizing what was a stigmatized society - 'access' - "Salve and a threat" ○ Heal neighborhood by the income that will be brought in, but also a threat because it will raise the price of the condo ○ When you buy a condo, you have this responsibility to make changes to the surroundings ○ When you buy a condo, you buy the vision, and you have to embody that vision ○ In a way cure the ills of the region ○ The threat - rising prices of the condos and neighboring services … poor will not be able to afford and will be forced to move, and will be taken over by the rich ○ Either agent of social mix, or the gentrifier (improving urban area) - Subje
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