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ANT347Y Lec 6 Metropolis and Postmodernity.pdf

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Sharon Kelly

Lec 6 Metropolis and Postmodernity October-15-13 12:05 PM Postmodern and Modern Postmodernism - Aesthetic and intellectual movement Postmodernity - Socio-economic condition - Epistemological condition Postmodernity in the Metropolis *Not everyone thinks that the post modern is distinct from the modern Postmodern and Modern - Post = after , modo = just now - Post modern = after the modern - Fundamental characteristics of modernity = fascination and fetishization of all that is 'new' - Old = defined as tradition and outdated, abandoned by the favor of the new - Modern can never be overcome .. And overcoming is a repetition of the fetish of the new - Post modern is important - important shift in the character of modernity - Aka 'supermodernity' (in reading) - Modernity is a process of constant replacement, wherein the old (e.g. tradition and the out-dated) is abandoned in favour of the new, which in its turn decays and is replaced by newer forms Postmodernism and Postmodernity - "Postmodern, if it means anything, is best kept to refer to styles or movements within literature, painting, the plastic arts, and architecture. It concerns aspects of aesthetic reflection upon the nature of modernity" (A. Giddens, The consequences of Modernity) ○ Giddens is advocating the narrow understanding of what the postmodern is - Via postmodernism, we mean a movement in the share aesthetic sensability and style in the reflection of modernity Aesthetic and intellectual Movement - Embrace of fragmentary, pastiche - Modernism see fragmentation as characteristic of modernity - Nostalgic - Fragmented perception (see in Benjamin's writing and Simmel) the notion of shock that comes with the idea of the metropolis, and the idea of how the psyche deals with the fragmentation - There is a loss that comes with the encounter of this sort of fragmentation of experience - Postmodernism begins with the lack of unity and celebrates it (celebrates the fragmented view of thigns) - Architecture - see modernist tastes, more eclectic taste, - Eclectic, playful, non-functional - Narrative form - Painting - critique art itself ○ What it means to be at an art exhibit, galleries ○ Mixed media, of painting, photography (with text), mosaic .. It’s a fragment-like, it’s a pastiche ○ Underlining message of much of this art = message that art should be taken off its pedestal - Film like postmodern literature, ○ e.g. Momento ○ Story is not told in sequence, very disruptive, and alienates the viewer - Experimental, breaks up narrative form in novel ways, challenges 'centers' and authors/authorities, challenges conception of self identity - Questions dualisms - reality/imaginary, referent/sign, truth/illusion, self/other ○ What is real and what is imaginary ○ Ritual and reality - Andy Worhall piece of work ○ Campbell soup can repeated all over the sheet ○ Represents the idea of mass production Postmodern thinkers - Michel Foucault, Jean Baudrillard, Gilles Deleuze, Jacques Derrida, Gayatri Spicak, Luce Irigaray, and Jacques Lacan - These thinkers wrote in a style that was difficult to read - They wanted to draw to the idea that language structures thoughts, and calls upon contradictions and all the ambiguities - Some of these thinkers were accused of being deliberately difficult to understand and lacking in clarity - These are profound thinkers, their writing reflects their approach / philosophy or embodiment of it Postmodernity as "postmodern condition' - Postmodernity = can be refered to as an epoch, sometimes called the 'postmodern condition' ○ Epoch dated post-WW2 era ○ Pronounced since the 1970s - Shift in epistemology - shift in the knowledge - And shift in socio-economic system - An epoch = post-WW2 and especially since 1970s - 2 types of 'conditions' Lectures Page 1 - 2 types of 'conditions' ○ A shift in epistemology ○ A shift in the socio-economic system - Harvey states that the condition of post modernity arises in the shift in capitalist production along similar lines of Sassen(who relies much of her work on harvey's literature) - Fordism = assembly line, factory (built ford motor cars) - Post-fordism = production distributed globally (globalization) - Modern geographies - org by spatial org of factories, workers neighborhoods etc.. - Late capitalism - social structure becomes fragmented - Work forces become more mobile and disposable, people's experience of the world is transformed Socio-Economic Condition - David harvey and Frederic Jameson - Post-fordism, decentralization of production, flexible accumulation, transformation of spatial logic of capitalism, working …... Epistemological condition - Jean Francois Lyotard and Jean Baudrillard - Epistemology = a theory of knowledge or the conditions of knowledge - Grand narratives give way to little narratives, contingency, indeterminacy - Crisis in objectivity and truth ○ Objective account in the world ○ People stop believing in "truth" and "reality" ○ Skeptical of the "reality" and "appearance" Bau
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