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Lecture 7

Lecture 7 - Structural Violence - October 31.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT100Y1
Professor
Tania Li
Semester
Fall

Description
October 31, 2013. Lecture 7 – Structural Violence Research Assignment  Due in class November 21 st  Start research NOW ugh  You can only formulate an effective problem statement in the course of reading, writing, and thinking  Use anthropological concepts and approaches  Critically analyze public health and biomedical sources (grey and academic literature) o Not just take them at face value  Cite your sources in you problem statement  Articulate topic/question  Reading  Writing/thinking  Rearticulate topic/question  Finding resources for your topic o Popular databases o Look through bibliographies of useful articles o UofT Libraries site  Research Guides  ANT348  Books are good for narrowing down broad topics  Paul Farmer’s Structural Violence  Differential vulnerability to infectious disease  Differential morbidity and mortality rates  Writing against behaviouralist/Culturalist explanations  Aims to show transnational political economic and historical forces at work through ethnography, especially  Forces constraining individual agency o Writing against how agency is invoked, or how individuals are blamed for their illness/infection as opposed to how their agency is constrained by structural forces  Shows us how poverty is gendered and racialized, especially in the United States o Double burden for women: having to balance between time and money being put into caring for children as well as accessing healthcare; finding childcare too, etc. Critiques of Farmer’s Structural Violence  1. Insufficient tools to analyse how structures of domination work (Kirmayer; Green; Wacquant) o Asserts that they exist, shows their effects ethnographically in the lives of women, but don’t really get major insights into microlevels of structural power and violence  2. Inattention to discourse/discursive power (Bourgois and Scheper-Hughes)  3. Homogenizing effect: flattens and over-simplifies local power relations (Wacquant) o E.g., within the household, within the neighbourhood, within the village  4. Not clear how culture is conceptualized, what work it does o Down on culture; spends so much time analyzing the material over the culture instead of analyzing the meaning or power of culture itself  5. Challenge of recognizing history in the present (Fassin) o Very broad-brushed approach to historical analysis, not looking at how history still pervades micr
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