November 7, 2013
– similar to midterm with one additional essay question
– two kinds of essay questions : one more comprehension based, focused on
particular readings. Second more conceptual. Choice in both sections.
Colonialism and Heath:
– conceptual tool for thinking about the interface between health and power
– Berry: Spanish Colonization (500 years ago) how is this relevant to talking about
maternal mortality? Indigenous peoples can be leveraged for economic gain – this
provides a backdrop for how the indigenous populations are seen. Specific
connections: how the government sees them, the relationship. How did the
Spanish facilitate exploitation? Se them up to extract indigenous labour/land.
What were some of the social effects? Spanish seen as the dominant language. 3
tiers: top: Spanish (full-European Spanish born), 2: Latinos (mixed-race but
Spanish speaking), 3 tier: Indigenous (Mayans). Latinos worked as the middle
men, translators, working for the state, would facilitate communication.
Violence? Legacy of colonial relations between the state and indigenous peoples
caused a genocide in the mid 1980s, almost all of them were Mayans. Those at
risk (most) for maternal mortality are Mayans. B