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lecture 1 biology

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Christopher Watts

ANT100Y1 September 23, 2010 Section 1: Biological Anthropology Section Goals 1) Historical development of biological science. 2) Diversity of life & natural processes produced this diversity. 3) Fundamental biological & evolutionary concepts. 4) How anthropologists, including those in my department, apply evolutionary biology in their research. What is Evolutionary Anthropology? -Application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of the morphology, ecology, and behaviour of human and non-human primates. Primatology -Scientific study of non-human primates. -Primate anatomy, field studies of wild animals, primate psychology, etc. -Primatologists seek to conserve primates in vanishing tropical ecosystems. Paleoanthropology -Multidisciplinary study of: -Biological evolution of humans and non-human primates. -Advent of and changes in human cultural activities. -Evolutionary history of behaviour in human and non-human primates. Human Variation -spatial and temporal variations in human features. -examples include geographic and climatic variations in body size, skin color, hair, etc. Medical Anthropology -How social, environmental, and biological factors influence health and illness of individuals at the community, regional, national, and global levels. Forensic Anthropology -Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans -Forensic anthropologists seek to determine the age, sex, stature, ancestry, and any trauma or disease of the deceased. Major Questions about Humans and our Biology -How does evolution work and how does it apply to us? -What are biological characteristics of our species? -What is physical record of our evolution (paleoanthropology)?
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