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Lecture 3

lecture 3 bio

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Christopher Watts

Anthropology Lecture 3 Primates Behaviour and Ecology Goals - primates differ from mammals - basic taxonomic characteristics of living primates - primate ecology and sociology - main conservation of primates Primate characteristics - Primates are mammals (warm-blooded, having hair & feeding milk to its young) - homoeothermic (maintain body to regulate temperature) Primates differ from mammals (all of these must apply) 1. grasping hands and feet 2. collarbone (clavicle) 3. radius (bones in wrist) and ulna (joins elbow) 4. forward facing eyes and stereoscopic vision overlapping of eyes provides depth perception nerves go from both eyes to brain - most primates dont smell as well and they interact with their environment in a different way Primate Activity Patterns - nocturnal: active at night (therefore, having large eyes) - diurnal: active during the day - crepuscular: active at dawn and dusk (highest point of activity is at sunrise and sundown) - cathemeral: active anytime of the day or night (for primates where resources are low in area) Primate Diets - frugivore: eats only fruit - folivore: eats only leaves - insectivore: eats only insects - faunivore: eats invertebrates and vertebrates - gummivore: eats tree exudates ( - omnivore: eats everything - gramirivore: eats small seeds and grass - schlerocapirory: eats hard seeds Primate Taxonomy
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