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Lecture 5

ANT347 Lecture 5.pdf

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Sharon Kelly

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Lecture 5 Presentation: Johannesburg + Ho Chi Minh city February-04-14 *See portal for research proposal comments 12:11 PM Today: - Structure and Agency ○ Structural forces  Economy  Racism  Institutions - Agency ○ Resistance (weapons of the weak) ○ Street culture - Symbolic violence ○ Four types of violence (Bourgois) Structure and agency ○ Relationship between individual choice and certain circumstances that shape us ○ Structure and agency always in tension ○ Shapes us, can't be determined ○ People have diff interpretations ○ There is an intersection between the two - Structure = large scale social forces, exisiting outside of you, what you do and how you act  e.g. Social systems, society, neighborhoods, political systems, ideologies, Agency = microlevel, concerns a person's ability to act independently and act with free will  Guided by own desires, and nothing without own free will - Bourgois ○ The people in his book, in trying to struggle for the exclusion and subordination they face (race and class based) ○ Argue that they end up making personal choices that ultimately reinforce class and race structures that repress them  e.g. (not from book) of intersection of Structure and Agency (Durkheim) - suicide, we like to think of ourselves as autonomous, clear individual and clear patterns that we can see through the influence of society  As explained by Durkheim:... □ Social facts and social structures can explain suicide rates □ Suicide can not be solely identified through psychological, but it is tied to social structures and social narcotics □ 2 primary social facts  Integration (degree to which you feel attached to society, other people, and the place you live)  Regulation (degree of regulating constraint on people, the constraint of disallowing free will) □ Diff types of suicide  Egoistic ◊ Result of lack of integration of indivudal in the society ◊ Unattached to anyone or anything ◊ Feel excluded, feel unadequate, useless ◊ Concept of 'anomie' (similar state of mind/ relationship to society)  Anomic ◊ Lack of ◊ Rule of society not clear to people ◊ People confused, not knowing how to handle change  Altruistic ◊ Resulted when people felt it was for a higher reason ◊ Dying for a cause ○ Urban dwellers more likely to commit suicide - because social solidarity ○ Religion - protestants likely than jews to kill themselves, individualism, common beliefs and practices compared to jewish faith ○ Bourgois felt that people who were more integrated into their community and connected with society/community = less likely to commit suicide ○ Social basis ○ Bourgois emphasize - Decrease in unskilled labor jobs - Formal school system was not working , none of them had requisites for formal schooling - Immigrants were illiterate, couldn't speak English well - Innate racism, in education system - Main themes Bourgois focus: Economy, racism, and legacy of colonial oppression (and impact o
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