ANT369H1 January 13,2014
Lecture 2REVIEWS OF CURRENT WORK
1. Medical Anthropology
journals had the most weight, more likely to be cited by ppl outside of
anthropology and in anthro.
ppl aware that culture is part of everything, hospitals employ anthropologists to
cater to specific ppl in the community
Why anthro of interest to medicine?
A lot of diseases are more prevalent than others
Eg. a disease called Kuru, is neurological disorder caused by infectious disease ,
passed from human to human if not treated within days it is fatal
The Fore pop’n Papua New Guinea pop’n had it more prevalently bc they
engaged in cannibalism. Females and children more likely to get it . Wanted to
know why this was happening. The Kuru was called the slow virus , MD Gidosick
got the nobel peace prize for it. No longer called slow virus called a prions (Fatal,
sub virus). The gender and age distinction was hard to find out the doctors
couldn’t see it so they got Anthro to do it. And they observerd that they practiced
in endocannibalism. You don’t feast or gorge ppl are eating the departed, pattern
is that the body is prepared by the fire by the female relatives. Females were in
charge of the hearth, first thing they ate was the brain. Children were given the
brain and young women that is how they caught the disease.
Identity politics: term that emerges out of politics of left and right, working class
and business industry (LEFTRIGHT) . The struggle for workers rights (decrease
in working hours of the day)
20 century get ppl within both sides, become more common for ppl to assert
gender, sexual identity etc.
post war development: universal declaration of human rights was drafted and
established by UN , came out to protect the jewish community. idea that you have
rights amongst the nations. Protecting human rights is extendable (have to protect
gender etc and minorities).
Sexual orientation –Walter Williams (American Anthro) wrote about sexuality.
Most wanted b/c he was soliciting sex from minors.
Global policy impacts everything else that follows national and so on
looking at cosmetic surgery and so on as way of identifying yourself.VERY
common in Brazil
anthro have been trying to identify as one race. Indigenous ppl are starting to
employ racial ideals and identity narratives
3. Social Movements
anthro was very influential in racial dispute in the US and human rights
Franz boas emphasized ‘cultural conditioning”not your culture mostly the way you act
that shapes the way you act ANT369H1 January 13,2014
emphasized diversity that every culture has its own diversity
Anthropologists were involved in antiapartheid in South Africa
Also involved in counterculture movements(against the status quo or established society)
eg of the beetles , or your consumption habits, or dressing habits or music etc are very
different, consumption patterns are a very important mechanism of bonding.
in 1960s anthropologists were hired at a high rate as part of the counterculture that
consisted of all the life styles that were contrary to the norm. Counterculture kind of like
social movement. Social movements are unorganized and spontaneous (sparked by an act
of violence). Eg. Gay rights movements, the stonewall riots where the police were raiding
the bath houses
Vietnam war was an eg of thiswas a draft had to join the army , huge antiwar
movement . Nobody knew what the war was about and what they were fighting and so
Social movements develop social movement organizations (spokes people for the
movement) –become hierarchical eventually which contradicts what they were trying to
knowledge of mind expanding narcotics was spread in the 60s, so many Anthro were
present in South America , this may have attracted anthropologist to these areas.
Carlos Castenadatalked about Yaqi Indian, became a sorcerer and it involves taking
copious amts of hallucinogenic drugs, wrote best sellers. Had developed a cults and a
number of followers.
involved in specific projects, could be sponsored by govt or NGO sponsored (nongovt)
eg going to Haiti and coming up with ways to elevate poverty
Modernity: encompasses material culture and also things that we take for granted such
as (toilets, water, or WARM water (pampered ppl), sanitation /garbage pickup)
schools and hospitals are part of development
development projects sometimes involved building something small but it takes a lot of
work in terms of approval and clearance etc.
Anthropologists often act on behalf of ppl as experts
eg. Forensic anthropologists are used as experts in testimonies, or aids study with the
church working on behalf of others , could be paid or nonpaid
eg. Western LaBarrctalked about Native American church u