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Lecture 1

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Gary Coupland

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LECTURE 1September 17 2009Archaeological Data and DatingArchaeological RecordThe matrices in which artifacts ecofacts sites and other humanmanufactured features or results of past human action are foundThree Typical Elements of Archaeological ResearchObserved material culture physical remains of past human activityUnobserved humannonhuman activityInterpretation of human activity Material EvidenceSpatialActivity sitesSitesRegions Material EvidencePhysicalArtifactsany portable object whose form has been shaped ie manufactured or modified by way of human activity ex Acheulian Axe from GilanFeaturenonportable material evidence of human activity ex hearths pits example Kelly Site Excavation Plan Great Pyramids in GizaEcofacts nonartifactual material evidence of human activitynot created by human activity but somehow modified by humans to end up in the archaeological recordvisible only under high power magnification can be subdivided into macrofossils and microfossils Macrofossilsvisible to the naked eye ex Kernel of corncan beretrieved through flotation or normal excavation proceduresMicrofossilsex Pollen pyhtoliths retrieved through flotation onlyArchaeological SiteUsually consists of a collection of activity areas containing any of the following artifacts ecofacts features
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