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Lecture 5

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University of Toronto St. George
Gary Coupland

LECTURE 5October 15 2009 The Present and the Future Origins and Consequences of Food Productiony Human population grows exponentially after Food Productiony Early Food Productiono With food production comes a transition to the Neolithic Period ca 8000 BC5000 BC in much of Eurasia and Africa o First seen among settlements in the Fertile crescent Levant Southeast Turkey Iraq Southwest IranNile to Persian Gulf y Image Primary Origins earliest domestication y Japan Europe and Australia secondary food productiontrade or migrationy Image Origins of Food Production o Primary Centres o Secondary Centres y Image Ancient High Civilizationo Mesopotamia ca 3200BC o Nile Valley ca 3000BC o Indus Valley ca 2500BC o North China ca 2000BC o Mesoamerica ca 1500BC o South America ca 1500BC y What is Complex Society o Typically there are indicatorsa complex of culture phenomena Flannery 1972such asWritingMetallurgy Predictive sciences eg Astronomy mathLarge stratification classesOccupational specialization eg Fulltime craft specialistsMonumental architecture o Importantly not all of these indicators are present in ancient civilizationEg No writing in Ancient South America PeruQuipostrings with knots Eg Little evidence for ostentatious display of power in Herappan Indus Valley civilizationo Writing Most early writing took the form of conventionalized and abstract pictorial forms
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