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Biological Anthropology

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Christopher Watts

Anthropology September 23 , 2010. Biological Anthropology What is evolutionary anthropology? Application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of the morphology, ecology, 5 research disciplines in evolutionary anthropology 1. Primatology Scientific study of non-human primates Primate anatomy, field studies of wild animals, primate psychology Primatologists seek to conserve primates in vanishing tropical ecosystems 2. Paleoanthropology Multidisciplinary study of: Biological evolution of human and non-human primates Advent of and changes in human cultural activities Evolutionary history of behavior in human and non-human primates 3. Human Variation Spatial and temporal variations in human features For example geographic and climate variations in body size, skin colour, and eye colour 4. Medical anthropology How social, environmental, and biological factors influence health and illness of individuals at the community, regional, national, and global levels 5. Forensic anthropology Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans Forensic anthropologists seek to determine the age, sex, stature, ancestry, and any trauma or disease of the deceased Major questions about humans and our biology How does evolution work and how does it apply to us? What are biological characteristics of our species? What is physical record of our evolution? (paleoanthropology)? How do evolutionary anthropologists conduct their research? (Stanley Gathered Few Trophies Racing Slow Rabbits) State the problem Gather information Form a hypothesis Test the hypothesis Record and analyze data State the conclusion Repeat the work
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