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ANT100Y1 (945)

Analysis and Interpretation

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University of Toronto St. George
Christopher Watts

th November 4 , 2010. Analysis and Interpretation (Re)construction Careful analysis of the environment in whichmaterials are found in order to say something about the circumstances by which that material came to be there Circumstance = natural and human agencies FirstData Processing Cleaning [Conservation] - May or may not be necessary; depends on the artifact Cataloguing ThenData Organization Involves classification - Process by which we assign items to categories (classes) in a pre-arranged system - Rules determine whether an item belongs or does not belong to a class Data Organization One popular method of classification & analysis is through the use of a typology - Typology: classification of artifacts states based on some criterion or criteria Question: Were the artifact types we recognized today also recognized in the past? In other words are they emic or etic in nature? - Emic insiders view of culture; the type was recognized by its manufacturer as meaningful - Etic outsiders view of culture; the type is only meaningful to the analyst Typically, we distinguish between: Artifacts, which include items made from - Stone (Lithics) - Clay (Ceramics) - Metal - Bones (Faunal), and - Plants (e.g. baskets, wooden tools) And: Ecofacts, which include - Faunal remains animal bones not used as tools - Floral remains plant materials not used as tools FinallyAnalysis (Artifacts) - Lithics Tools
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