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Linguistics _ Day Three

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Ivan Kalmar

LinguisticsDay ThreeThe forms of Language Outlinelevels of linguistic formdiscourse analysis textcontext syntax sentence structure morphology wordstheir structure phonology sound system phonemes allophones The levels of languagetexts studied in discourse analysissentences studied in syntax words studied in morphology phonemes studied in phonologyphones studied in phoneticsTextany meaningful itemitems perceieved as a unita meaningful itemitems understood as not forming part of a larger item to be or not to bea text Hamletdepends on how you look at itlinguisticnonlinguistic texts everything is a textwe can read itContextin language and in other semiotic systems the meaningfunction of each item depends on the context whats outside the actual text but is relevant to it All things come in a context Syntaxstudy of sentence structurelinguistics often use grammar to mean syntax Bad Grammarexamples to constantly smilesplit infinitiveI dont hear nothingdouble negative sentences with bad grammar are typically grammatical on the linguists sense judgment of badness or correctness is a social issue if a normal native speaker says it in a normal circumstances then it is grammaticallinguists determine how people speak they do not prescribe how to talk correctlyMorphologythe structure of wordsmorpheme smallest unit of language that carries meaning morphemes sipp ed care ful ly shoe santi dis establish ment ari an ism these are not syllables as most linguistic analysis morphology is concerned as spoken not written language
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