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ANT100Y1 (945)
Ivan Kalmar (169)
Lecture 4

Socio-Cultural Anthro Lecture 4.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Ivan Kalmar

SocioCultural Anthropology Lecture 4ndMarch 22nd April 2 Anthropology Department Building come and vote Take 2 Inuit or Eskimo System Emphasizes lineal kin descriptive terms Distinguishes lineal from collateral kin in the parental generation Classifies matrilateralpatrilateral kin together Crucial part missing from original slide is underlineditalicisedbolded Ambilineal descent Ambilineal affiliation is determined in each generation often at marriage and then typically closed EG precolonial Hawaii Choice depends on parents rank availability of landresources Always associated with cognatic relatedness where one is equally related to mothers and fathers sides Usually in Polynesia Descent and Subsistence Matrelineal Societies Horticultural agricultural more in past eg Ancient Nubia Some herders some complex foragers Correlated imperfectly with strong female role in subsistence especially farming Most of the horticultural labour is done by women Americas Hopi Sunni Iroquois Navajo Asia Naiar a household is formed around the relationships between sisters and brothers Africa In Zambia Asante from the film of the market women in Ghana Twarei Berbers that live in northern Sahara Area Europe Historically the Basque in Spain In Sahelian Africa Indonesia India matrilineal principle has been eroded or added to by patrilineal influences of Christianity and Islam Patrilineal societies Far more common in the world Horticultural agricultural herding Correlated imperfectly with strong male role in defense More widespread than matrilineal today Ambilineal Societies Horticultural agricultural complex foragerseg Hawaii Samoa Maori Bisya NW Borneo Iceland Correlated imperfectly with restricted environments and competition for resources Optional affiliation often with a patrilateral tendency facilitates periodic redistribution of people and productive resources Hawaiian kin terms generational
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