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Lecture 3

ANT100 Oct 6-Lecture 3.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Shawn Lehman

ANT100 October 6 2011 Lecture 3 Primate Behaviour and EcologyLecture GoalsHow do primates differ from other mammalsTaxonomic characteristics of living primatesPrimate ecology and socialityConservation issues for primatesPrimate CharacteristicsMammals warm bloodedregulates body temperature through physiology having hair and feeding milk to its youngDiffer from mammals by having o Grasping hands and feet o Collarbone calvicle o Radius and ulna cross to make an x o Forward facing eyes and stereoscopic vision Primate Activity PatternsNocturnal active at nightDiurnal active during dayCrepuscular active at dawn and duskCathemeral active any time of day or nightPrimate TaxonomyOrder Suborder Infraorder Superfamily FamilyStepsirhine SuborderDental tooth comb Moist rhinarium west nose serves to sample air for bacteria strong sense of smell to interact with environmentUnfused mandibular jaw and frontal symphases forehead2 parts rightleft sides unfusedTapetum lucidum cells in back of eye that operate as reflectorrefocuses light to see in the darkPostorbitol behind orbit barTwo super families lemuroidea and lorisoideaLemuroideaMadagascar and Comoro islandsArboreal in trees quadrupeds and leapers some are partially terrestrialMany smallbodied species are nocturnalFemale dominance social settingsVaried dietLorisoidea
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