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Archaeology Analysis and interpretation

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University of Toronto St. George
Christopher Watts

Archaeology, Lecture 2 1 November 4, 2010 Analysis and Interpretation Chapter 3 Readings (Re)construction N ³.,701:O,3,O\8L8419K003;L7432039L3ZKL.K2,907L,O8,7014:3/L347/07948,\ something about the circumstances -\ZKL.K9K,92,907L,O.,2094-09K070´!,:O Bahn) o Circumstances ± natural and human agencies ƒ Human agencies, people tend to keep the things they want when they move from site to site. In many cases archaeologists are constructing the past since they have an incomplete picture. We are products of a certain time period, socially and politically. It can colour our interpretations. 1) Data Processing a. Cleaning b. [Conservation] ± may or may not be necessary; depends on the artifact class. c. Cataloguing ± itemize everything recovered. To talk more significantly about the past human lifeways. 2) Data Organization N Classification ± processes by which we assign items to categories (classes) in a pre- arranged system. i. Rules determine whether an item belongs or does not belong to a class. N Typology ± .O,88L1L.,9L4341,79L1,.9µ89,908¶-,80/4n some criterion or criteria. Further classifying the broad sweep of aritifactual material. N Question ± were the artifact types we recognize today also recognized in the past? Are they emic or etic in nature? ƒ Emic ± µL38L/07¶8;L0Z¶41.:O9:709K09\50Z,8 recognized by its manufacturer as meaningful ƒ Etic ± µ4:98L/07¶8;L0Z¶41.:O9:70 the type is only meaningful to the analyst. N Artifacts ± which include items made from: stone (lithics), clay (ceramics), metal, bone (faunal), and plants (e.g., baskets, wooden tools) N Ecofacts ± which include: o Faunal remains ± animal bones not used as tools o Floral remains ± plant materials not used as tools Archaeology, Lecture 2 2
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