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ANT100Y1 (973)
Lecture

Chapter 1-3

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts
Semester
Winter

Description
th LinguisticLecture#1 Jan20 ,2011 Language,Culture,Prejudice N Naturevs.nurture(?)canbechallenge N Cultureapartthatwascreatedbyhumanbeing N Adaptation N Prejudice:racism,ethnocentrism N Theoriginsofanthropologyandimperialism N Anthropologyvs.ethnocentrism N Culturalrelativism o Itsokayforppltodoanythingastheyareintheirculture o Shouldntjudgeotherculture 1. LanguageandCulture:Nurturevs.Nature o Afalsecontrast? o Allhumanshavelanguageandallhumanshaveculture o Havingalanguageandcultureisartofhumanculture o CultureisnotnatureNOTTRUE! o Solanguageandcultureareprogrammedintohumansbynature 2. UniversalsandParticulars o Languageandculturearehumanuniversals o Specificlanguage[English,Vietnamese]andspecificcultures[Russian,Ukrainians]arehuman particulars o Universals[language,culture]areinnate(bornin) Transmittedbygenesthroughsex o Particulars[language,cultures]arelearned Transmittedviasocietylargelythroughtalk 3. Adaptivevalueofsocialtransmission o Socialtransmissionmuchmoreflexiblethangenetictransmission o Majorchangescanoccurwithinagenerationortwo o Majorchangescanoccurwithoutachangeofspecies 4. Differenceswithinspecies o Specificlanguagesandculturesdeveloptocopewithspecificenvironmentalniches o Words:snow,iHPhone,love o Cultures:potlatch,brideswealthdowry o Culture[withlanguage]changethenicheitself o Result:adaptationwithoutbecominganewspecies 5. Cyborgandreplicants o Stillhomosapiens 6. Difference,conflict,prejudice o Withinallspecies,groupscancomeintoconflict,oftenoverresources o Inhomosapiens,thesegroupsmaybeculturallyadaptedtodifferentniches www.notesolution.com
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