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Primate Ecology & Behaviour

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University of Toronto St. George
Christopher Watts

Primates - closest living relatives Primate characteristics - Primates are mammals (warm blooded, having hair and feeding milk to its young) - Differ from most mammals by having: - ---grasping hands and feet, collarbone (clavicle), radius and ulna, forward facing eyes and stereoscopic vision (visual overlap which provides depth perception), great proportion of our brain for eyesight Activity patterns - Nocturnal: active in night - Diurnal: active during day - Crepuscular: active at dawn and dusk - Cathemeral: active any time of day or night Diets Frugivore: diet of fruit Folivore: diet of leaves Insectivore: diet of insects Faunivore: diet of invertebrates and vertebrates Gummivore: diet of tree exudates Graminivore: small seeds and grasses Omnivore: varied diet of any of the above Know primate taxonomy up until the infraorder level Strepsirhine characteristics - Dental tooth comb - Moist rhinarium - Unfused mandibular and frontal symphases - Tapetum lucidum - Postorbital bar bone around the eye - Two superfamiles: Lumuroidea and Lorisoidea --see better in the dark Lemuroidea - Madagascar and Comoro islands - Arboreal quadruplets and leapers; some are partially terrestrial - Many small bodied species are nocturnal - Female dominance - Varied diet Lorisoida - Found throughout sub Saharan Africa and southeast asis - Lorises and galagos - Arboreal quadruplets
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