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ANT100Y1 (964)
Lecture

Hominins, human Variation, & Forensic Anthropology

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts
Semester
Fall

Description
Australopithecus anamensis - Kenya - 4.2-4.3 million years ago - Tooth row is parallel ( ape like) - Partial tibia provides strong evidence for bipedality - Primitive (ape like) cranial morphology and a derived (human like) postcranial morphology Australopithecus afarensis - Ethiopia and Tanzania - 4.2-3.0 MYA - Many specimens - Complex morphology exhibiting some ape like traits (e.g. sagittal crests) and hominin like traits (e.g. valgus knee) - Single, sexually dimorphic species or two species? footprints - Demonstrate that early hominins were bipedal - Big toes hardly diverged from the rest of foot, unlike in chimpanzees - Gait was heel strike followed by toe off; the way modern humans walk Australopithecus africanus - Various sites in south Africa - 3.0-2.3 mya - Average brain size is 458cc. - Dental features differ from those in A. Afarensis www.notesolution.com
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