Class Notes (806,720)
Canada (492,424)
Anthropology (1,635)
ANT100Y1 (945)
Ivan Kalmar (169)
Lecture 20

Lecture 20.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Ivan Kalmar

Lecture 20  Canadian nuclear family o Cultural ideal stereotype in popular culture o The relationship between the ideal and the actual between cultural categories and social relations „on the ground‟ is always imperfect o Folk theory of relatedness of N. America, Europe:  Common, shared blood (Consanguineality )  „Emic‟ concept  Idiom: biological connection is culturally paramount  Child is considered equally related to both parents (bilateral)  The social parent is ideally the same person as the biological parent o Consanguineality is not a „scientific‟ model  Primary social and cultural metaphor in Canada governing marriage, inheritance (encoded in law)  Adoptive kin are regarded as consanguines for the purposes of marriage: legally prohibited to wed.  Marriage is based on personal choice, romantic love (companionate marriage); rare elsewhere but becoming more common o Family is the primary site of enculturation  Where we first learn the concept of ideas and norms that we are excepted to live by as we age  Family is formal cultural universal (cultural form/structure found globally, but with different specific features in different societies) o All cultures have a set of guides for ethical behavior  a stable social form within a society is called an institution o an organized set of relationships, beliefs, and responsibilities o has a purpose or function o transcends any individual human life  Function o British Social Anthropology (early 20thC) o Two forms of „functionalism‟ associated with two anthropologists  Browmislaw Malinowski (1884 – 1942)  Social institutions function is to meet basic human needs (individual needs)  Alfred R. Radcliffe-Brown (1881 – 1955)  Each social institution functions together with others to preserve the structure of society itself‟ institutional level  Interested in processes by which societies and their constituent institutions cohere, hold together and persist over time  Concerned with how societies continue than how they change  Emile Durkheim (1858 – 1917)  Understand different forms of social solidarity (social integration)  Mechanical integration – division of labor based on gender and age, all social units do same tasks  Knowledge is generalized  No specialization apart form gander and age  Interdependency through sameness; highly flexible (gender roles overlap, and personnel can move from one group to another with relative ease)  Characteristic of many „simple‟ societies  Organic integration – division of labor based on age, gender, and task specialization (states, and large chiefdoms)  Institutions are imagined to work together like the organs in a human body: function to produce continuity  Knowledge is specialized and specific to different occupations, not shared by all  Interdependency through interlocking differences (specialized tasks)  Commonly associated with social inequality (caste – occupational kin group, and class – economic strata, more fluid than castes)  State o Modern states encode laws that regulate organic solidarity and govern relations between units o The exchange of goods and services, establishment of contracts o Non-state societies: „customary law,‟ common practices but rarely codified, written down  Mechanical solidarity and social flexibility o Smaller units may be nested within large ones (levels of genealogy) o Constituent units can break away, rejoin as needed o Exchange of personnel between units creates wider social ties t
More Less

Related notes for ANT100Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.