ANT100 Sept 20
Includes evolution, land formation, water, climate, and life.
Evolutionary athro: human evolution, behaviour, ecology within the framework
constructed by evolutionary biology. (Morphology)
5 research disciplines:
1 Primatology: scientific study of our closest non-human relatives (chimps)
2 Paleoantrhoplogy: biological evolution for humans and non-human primates. They
study fossil material representative of our earliest primates or ancestors.
3 Human variation: Spatial and temporal variation in human features. (Body size,
skin colour, eye colour)
4 Medical anthro: How humans associate disease and health. (i.e.: how can we have
starving children and morbidly obese children in different parts of the world?)
Social, environmental, and biological factors affect health
5 Forensic anthro: Focuses on skeletal remains of humans. Seek to determine age
sex from skeletons.
Anthro Scientific Method -Stanley gathered few trophies racing slow rabbits
Form a hypothesis
Record and analyze data
State the conclusion
Repeat work. 4 problems limited development of theory of evolution
1 lack of knowledge on age of earth: In 1650. Earth created on Oct 23 4004 BC.
Accepted because church pronouncement’s held as secular and religious laws. To
challenge it, you challenge the church.
2 Religious concept of fixity of species: We were created as Adam and Eve. God
made us this way and we were unchangeable.
3 Lack of scientific method: People could write whatever they want without
having a standard of proving a hypothesis. People made up totally random
4 Religious notion of separate creation of human and animals: God made us, so
we are more divine than animals. We were a ‘perfect model’ created by god.
Carolus Linnaeus (Karl von Linne, 1707-1778): Came up with a way of
organizing plant diversity on basis of physical resemblances, species grouped into
broader categories called genera. (Singular genus) He was a Christian, no
evolutionist. He believed he was cataloging god’s work. Scala Naturae (nature’s
ladder) Binomial nomenclature: system of writing down names of species:
written in Latin, first letter of genus is capitalized, species always in lower case, and
underline when written or italicized when typed
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788): Founded biogeographies,
despite similar environments, different regions have distinct plants and animals.
Founded that the earth is older than 6,000 years old.
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829): Came up with the first model that explained
how new species came into being: theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics.
He theorized that human have vital juices inside them and under ex