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Anthropology 100

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Shawn Lehman

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Evol anth lecture 6: Human Variation and Forensic Anthropology Is there really a human race? Race - In science, race is geographically circumscribed population or set of populations that differe from all other populations of a species - In biology, race is synonymous with subspecies - Subspecies: geographically isolated populations within species Racism in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and North America Racial Bundles Caucasian bundle - Pale skin - Straight or wavy hair - Noses of narrow to medium width - Medium to tall stature Black bundle - Black or dark brown skin - Wiry hair - Thick noses and lips - Medium stature Skin colour adaptation - Physical traits we think of as clustering together among particular peoples often have much broader distributions - They continue well outside of geographic areas in which “race” is stereotypically supposed to exist - Examples: Dark brown skin is found in sub-Saharan Africans as well as people from southern Asia, Australia, New Guinea and on nearby islands of Melanesia, as well as in much of the Americas Are there human races? - No biological or phylogenetic ways to define a human race - Race concepts based on everything from skin colour through region(s) of origin to ethnicity - Crude classification system typically involves self-identification based on up-bringings, culture, ethnicity, etc - Morphological and genetic differences in human “races” much smaller than those needed to consider nonhuman animals subspecies Medical Anthropologists and Applied Anthropology - Infectious disease - Caused by microbial agent (e.g common flu) - Death rates by infectious disease between developed countries (low) and developing countries (high) - Pandemics - Co-evolution of humans and pathogens Medical Anthropologists and Applied Anthropology - Chronic disease - Non-reversible pathology - For example: heart disease - Wear and tear on body - Comparison of death rates by chronic disease between developed countries and undeveloped countries Nutrition and Health - Malnutrition crisis - Developing nations - Protein malnutrition - Micronutrient malnutrition Obesity crisis - Developed nations - Complex causes Oi
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