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Janice Boddy

ANT200 Monday January 6 2014 Origins of agriculture - Gmo’s – genetically modified crops - Threat or promise - How is this different from domestication and selective breeding? - Is the issue genetic modification or industrial farming? - Can archaeology provide a useful perspective? - Opinions of genetically modified food – is archaeology useful – does it help us when thinking and looking at the world today - Use archaeology as a lens to think about the world – not as an answer, just a way to see things - Genetically modified foods – harmful or useful for alleviating world hunger - Ethics on genetically changing food/living things - Selective breeding and domestication allow for changes in genetics but naturally – modifying the food ourselves – same thing? - Protest against the modifications? Or protest against industries who control it? - Archaeology might help to see why gmos are such an issue – emergence of agriculture – a lot of things contribute – factors - How you use archaeological data – not to support or prove – but to add to discussion - Correct diet for humanity? Can be found through archaeology? - Domestication – might have deeper roots than originally thought – horse picture – horse wearing a bridal – the bridal might have been added later (art was worked and reworked) Australia: firestick farming - Setting fire to the landscape – encouraging young plants – more animals would feed, more chances to hunt - Mankind are the only beings who may be said to have gained an absolute control over the production of food – lewis henry morgan o Humanity removes itself from the world and puts the production of food outside of normal, biological methods – removal of humanity from nature – man controls biology - The escape from the impasse of savagery was an economic and scientific revolution that made the participants active partners with nature instead of parasites on nature – v. Gordon childe ANT200 Monday January 6 2014 o idea of progress – humanity is progressive – progress is good – precursor to the industrial revolution o agriculture was a conscious effort o humanity becomes an equal with nature - the idea that we as a culture, a nation, or a species are in conscious control of our environmental and thus of our destiny is one part truth, one part rhetoric, and two parts wishful thinking – david rindos o remove humanity from pedestal o nothing is particularly special about domestication and agriculture o wish humans control everything but we don’t o relationship between humans and nature is a back and forth - Now the Cree people, native hunters of northeastern Canada, have a different explanation for why reindeer… are so easy to kill. They say that the animal offers itself up, quite intentionally and in a spirit of goodwill or even love towards the hunter – tim ingold o Hunter gathers have a relationship with the world, with the animals, have a trust
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