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Lecture 16

ANT200Y1Y Lecture 16 July 17

5 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT200Y1
Professor
Emma Humphrey

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Description
ANT200Y1YL16July172014LargescalefeastingoEstimatedover18000potteryvessels5000deerComplexitywotheStatecontinued500000tobaccoseedswithinonestratigraphiczoneDebrispile30mhighverytallCahokiaMissouri10001400CEMississippianPeriodaftertheWoodland30000pplabletofitGrandPlazaperiodPowerofelitesstemmedfromabilitytoorganizelargesof2Largestsiteofculture45kmpplthrufeastingnotbureaucracynotaxesforcecommon100earthmoundsinstatesocietiesoSeriesofsmallclustersoWanttobeseenatpartyincreasesyourprestigeMonksMoundprincipalmoundGreatZimbabweo30mhighw4terraces23oCoversover60000mmorethan600000mofearthoVerylargemusthavehadhugesignificancetopplTheGrandPlazaoSurroundedbywoodenpalisadeprotectedoUsedforlargecommunityeventsPopulationbtwn400040000oAreanaturallyswampysobadpreservationinsomespotsoNotsurehowmanyindivhutsinsettlementStillsearchingforamoreaccurateIf40000wouldqualifyasacityinsteadofapreNotmuchdatastatesocietytheonlyoneinAmericaoEuropeansoriginallythoughttheyhadmadeitoSeriesofsmallersettlementsdispersedaroundcentralodestroyedcoreLargesettlementZimbabweoUsedbtwn13001450CESocialInequalitySmallperiodoftimePoliticalmechanismsforbuildingmoundsoPopulation100018000unsureaboutpopulationdensityoConvincingentirepopulationtoworkincountrysideoSinglechiefdomonvergeofbeingaStateAgriculturallyproductiveareaRuledCahokiasurroundingsoAlsoabletosupportlargeherdsofcattleStatelevelcoerciveNonstateleveloMorethanenoughlandforthiseconomysoeasytocharismaticbuildasurplusNotsurewhichSitestretchesacross2hillsinterveningvalleyCircumstantialevidenceLargeenclosuresofhutssurroundedbywallsbuiltofdressedMound72graniteupto10mhighoAlignedwMonksMoundoExTheGreatEnclosureoBurialofadultmale40yrsoldonafalconshapedoDressedgranitecarefullycraftedbystonemasonsplatformmadeofover20000shellscarefullyfilledtogethernotloosegravelBirdsimportantethnographicimageatCahokiaCircularhutsbuiltofdhakaamixtureofclaygravelmanyplaquescementinsidetheenclosuresRichgravegoodspointsdisksoEliteresidenceSacrificialvictimsburiedwithina50yrperiodoElitesprotectedextremeprivacyseparatedfrom4menwoheadshandssacrificialcommonerswarriors50youngwomen21yrsoldRepeatedlyrebuiltrapidbuildupofdeposits5mdeephillsburiedwbirdmangotbiggerOthermassburials40pplatoncerituallyburiedpossiblyalivesincepositionslookSiteLayoutliketheyreclimbingoutEarliestoccupationonnorthernhillHillComplexoClearlyoneindivhasalotofpowerwealthgoodsSoonafterHillComplexWesternenclosuresacrificesandstrongpoliticalcontrolforreligiono50macrossBuriedaliveacceptedbythecultureospacefor20dhakahutsEasternenclosurepossibleritualfnFeastingoSeriesoftallmonolithicstonescarvedwfiguresofMound51birdscrocodilesoWellstratifiedsequencerichinbotanicalfaunalAtedgesofwallsuniquefeaturepotteryremainsoNohutssuggestsceremonialareaFooddebrisofromlargescalefeastingThenlaterSiteexpansionGreatEnclosuresouthernhilloFarmedoversoareadamagednow
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