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Lecture 20

ANT200Y1 Lecture 20 July 31

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT200Y1
Professor
Emma Humphrey
Semester
Summer

Description
ANT200Y1YL20July312014Defensivewallbuiltaround350250BCE23502250BPoConcernsaboutprotectionMesoamericaoOtheremergingstatesorgrpscausingtroubleSettingTeotihuacn1200CE20001800BPInfluenceonMayaAztecVerylargecityinhighlandvalleyofMexico2o20kmoLargepopulation80000AvenueoftheDeadoNamelostintranslationUnrelatedtothedeadoCentralroad5kmlongrunssouthtonorthoLinedwapartmentcomplexestemplesoPlannedconstructionPyramidoftheSuno64mhighbuiltontopofnaturalcaveNotageographicallydefinedisolatedareaAtsomeptcavemightvebeenatombstructureoExnotcentredaroundariverorvalleyWaslootedbythetimearchaeologistsdiscoveredittodaysCentralAmericaoOriginsbirthplaceoflifeSharedculturaltraitscomplexcalendarbloodlettingritualsorMythologythatlifecomesfromthegroundhumantypesacrificesballgameNewerculturestakefeaturesfromolderculturesRitualStructuresoCulturalevolutionofMayaAztecCiudadelaPalacecomplexprotecteliteoFortifiedstructurecitadelTheOlmecoTempleoftheFeatheredSerpentatrearGulfCoastofMexico1200300BCE32002300BPFigure136ChiefdomnotastatelevelsocietyoMalesacrificialvictimsSeriesofmajorceremonialcentresintownsDedicationforreligiouspurposesoPopulationswereinthe1000soBurialgoodsindicatetempleassociatedwhighstatusoMax5000pplpertownmilitaryArttraditionincludedmonumentalstoneRelationshipbtwnmilitarypowerprestigeoLargemonumentalheadswearingheadgearNecklacesofhumanteethpartsofmandleFigureCrownforkingorhelmetforathletes137DidhaveritualballgamesSometimesreplicasometimesrealHollowclaysculpturesofinfantswadultheadsoAtleastinearlystagesofTeotihuacnmilitarywasoAlsojaguarhumanbabiesjaguarfaceeliteoDevelopmentofjaguariconographyweseefurtheralongPyramidoftheMoonoObsidianworkshopssharpFinelycarvedjadefigurinesoftenfoundinritualcacheso16malefiguresstandinginfrontofpolishedstoneaxesSymbolicritualconstructionsMilitarytowncouncilweaponryoSmallscalecouncilvslargeheadsculpturesAtlatlpointsdifferentiationofsocialclassesSacrificialknivesPerhapsancestraltolaterAztecEcentritsoTheAztecbelievedthemselvestobedescendentsoftheoSacrificialvictimsOlmecHumansanimalsBuriedduringbuildingremodellingMonteAlbnDedicatedtotherebuildingSeparateculturefromOlmecMayaAztecSeeninPaganEuropest1cityinMesoamericaOaxacaValleyMexico500250BCE25002250BPResidenceEthnicityLargepopulation17000SeebeginningsofEmpireswdifethnicitiesoSmallpopulationforacityAvenueofthedead200CEresidentialareasreconfiguredtoNeighbourhoodsbuiltaroundacentralplazawtempleaccommodateimmigrationpalaceballcourtoApartmentstylemultifamilydwellingsoClearstylisticdifferencesindicateseparate50100pplperhouselargeneighbourhoodsoBuiltindifstylesEthnicneighbourhoods
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