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Lecture 9

Lecture 9 - Ch. 13, Complex Society in Mesoamerica

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT200Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 9Complex Society in MesoamericaMonday November 21 2011633 PM Highland vs Lowland MesoamericaMexicoYucatan PeninsulaSierra Madre MountainsMajor Cultural Traditions and Site in Mesoamericamultiple developmental centresOlmec Toltec Aztec and Mayan General Environmental ContextHighlands mountains lakes and deep river valleysoBackdrop for interregional exchangeoOrigins of food production Lowlands tropical forests south and scrublands northoVirtual absence of large rivers and alluvial plainsoUse of cenotes sinkholes and occasionally canals for potable water Both areas display marked differences in flora fauna and climateEconomyNo domesticated animalsoNo milk transport or draft animals to pull carts and such Slash and burn horticultureoForests cleared through burning crop rotations fallow out of use Maize bean and squashramn nut breadnut Rabbit deer fish shellfishThe Olmec 1500500 BCEarliest evidence for political complexity Sophisticated artistic tradition oHumananimal hybrids Two major ceremonial sites San Lorenzo and La Venta lowland heavily forested
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