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Maryam Nargolwalla

-Darwin was a collector of species, one morning he collected 69 species -he made many discoveries -volcanic discoveries on an island -able to determine what environment a turtle came from due the curved shell (curved shell= dry, while smooth shell= wet land -he collected several species of beetles, when he came home he sent them to be analysed - fixity of species ex. Bird may lay 50 eggs a year but only 2 are needed to continue natural order and those 2 will be have greater chance of surviving and be more dominant and special= natural selection -he wrote 12 letters daily to scientist and naturalist all over the world -all domestic dogs come from wolves, and ppl domestic dogs based on traits -breading is not possible btw different species -the platypus was a mixture of reptiles and mammals because it swims in water and lays eggs -part reptile and part fish was found in as a fossil= interbreeding btw species -alferd walence had same idea of natural selection, which was same as dawins theory -marry discovered uranium which is used for dating through radiation -relating human eye to clock, the human eye was created by spots and light creating a bubble then the bubble because closed and became more focused and started receiving picture as mucus formed it created the pupile and then became the eye - DNA ex. Jelly fish mouse because the combination of genetics -fishes evolved from a single cell, they became flattened and then developed hard cotted skin, grew fins and muscles and skull along with muscles and became fishes and then reptiles evolved from them. -then the dinoures became extinct but the flying ones became birds Charles Lyell (1797-1875) *father of GEOLOGY *unifotm...... gradual changes would occur but with gradual time -created landscape-ongoing - Marry Anning (1799-1847) *brought up in a ery poor enviornmrnt *she was self taught andher dad taught her to clean fossils found around the house *she would sell the fossils to help support her families and eventually she was highly recognized due to her highly informative fossil collection Natural selection *Charles Darwin (1809-1882) Published the origins of spices 1859 The book descent of man was criticized by the church heavily because he related humans to monkeys Environmental change +competition+ individual variability in population+ Adaptation+ Natural selection+ Descent with modification =evolution *left over slides from last day Fundamentals’ of Darwin’s Evolution -heritable traits -variation -fitness is relevant -time *evolution is context dependent Richard Owen (1804-`892) *coined the term homology the same orgin in different animals under every Varity of form and functions *no rel/sp btw apes and humans *Dinosaurs -he was first to describe the new species of ape (gorillas) DUE TO REL. VALUES he denied that humans and apes were related Tom Huxely (1825-1895) *pointed out darwins flaws about evolutions progression change *darwins Bulldog *saltaions *human ev, and ancestry “I would rather be the offspring of 2 apes then be a man afraid to face the truth......................The deepest sin against the human mind is to believe things without evidence. -1) was that apes and humans were related, due to evolution humans evolved from apes 2) there should be connection btw animal groups, there sh
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