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AIDS and Haiti I - May 26 (L03)

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Leslie Jermyn

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AIDS and Haiti I - Taino: the indigenous people of the Caribbean, now extinct because of colonial interference; o Pureblood Tainos are extinct, some belief that Taino blood continued on within mestizos (half-blood) - Hispaniola: the name given to the island now split as Haiti and Dominican Rep. by the Spaniards - Creole: the language spoken by Haitians, and other Caribbean people. It is a language derived from a pidgin that has become nativized (acquired as a primary language by the children) o Pidgin is the simplified language used between two groups of people with no common language between them, for example, the French and the indigenous people they interact with in their Caribbean colonies o E.g., Haitian creole features a French vocab superimposed on West African grammar th - Spain has claimed the island since the late 15 c., when Columbus landed, and it exploited the island for its resources. They imported African slaves as workers into Haiti th because by the 16 c., the Tainos, because of foreign diseases, intermarriage and forced labour, became virtually extinct. Spain later ceded Haiti to France in the late 17 th c. - France turned Haiti into their richest colony sugar plantations and coffee farms - Hierarchy = Frenchmen > Affranchis (mulatos children of Frenchmen and slavewomen) > Slaves - Affranchis became the merchant-class - 1804: Haiti became the first independent (black) colony o Political threat to the Europeans, esp. Americans who were pro-slavery o Independence was fought for slave uprising - After kicking out the French, the affranchise became the new elite - For what the Haitians did, France demanded reparations 10 years worth of profit (150 million French francs) was to be paid by the Haitians (1825) or else the French would declare war because its for the profits lost from the slave trade
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