Class Notes (839,626)
Canada (511,431)
Anthropology (1,688)
ANT204H1 (161)
Saul Cohen (33)
Lecture 3

Lecture 3 - Is Progress Inevitable Part 1 - January 23.docx

3 Pages

Course Code
Saul Cohen

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
January 23, 2013. Lecture 3 – Is Progress Inevitable? (Part 1): Transitioning Cultures and “Developing” People The Thaba-Tseka Development Project  Lesotho: small landlocked county in Southern Africa  Population of about 2 million  Received development assistance from 26 different countries  72 international non-government organizations (including CIDA)  Example of “failed” development o Obviously the definition of “failed” is rather subjective  1975 World Bank Issues a report on Lesotho to justify a series of loans to the country  The World Bank Report o “Virtually untouched by modern economic development, Lesotho was, and still is, basically, a traditional subsistence peasant society. But rapid population growth resulting in extreme pressure on the land, deteriorating soil and declining agricultural yields led to a situation in which the country was no longer able to produce enough food for its people.”  The Oxford History of South Africa o “In 1837 the Sotho of Basutoland…had grain stored for four to eight years: in 1844 white farmers “flocked” to them to buy grain. During 1872 (after the loss of their most fertile land west of the Caledon) the Sotho exported 100,000 muids [185-lb bags] of grain…and in 1877 when the demand for grain on the diamond fields had fallen, ‘large quantities’ were held by producers and shopkeepers in Basutoland.”  Discrepancy between these two descriptions, if the World Bank Report was correct in Lesotho having always been a “subsistence peasant society” then the Oxford History report would have said otherwise o Inaccurate information in the WBreport o People from the WB are trained to see what they see and only see what they were trained to o In the World Bank version there is only a summary that “naturalizes” their poverty and lacks in personalizing the community whereas the Oxford version gives a rich background to their agricultural life  Poverty is NATURALIZED Ideas of Progress  On one end of the spectrum there is the “primitive” label; on the other is the “civilized” label o Similar to “pre-modern” vs. “modern” o “Uneducated” vs. “educated” o “rural” vs. “urban” o “poor” vs. “rich” o “backward” vs. “modern”  Attempting to discern or even create a difference between people  “So poor and hungry I certainly was. But underdeveloped? I never thought – nor did anyone else – that being poor meant being ‘underdeveloped’ and lacking human dignity.” (Shrestha)  People “closer to nature” see “progress” as a negative thing  Civilization often results in the destruction of the planet and various issues to do with this  On the other hand the more “primitive” way of life is simpler and has more respect for nature, is more reliant on nature, more in tune with nature  Vandana Shiva vs. Jeffrey Sachs o Jeffery Sachs: A few generations ago, almost everybody was poor… the Industrial Revolution led to new riches but some people were left behind.  Key points in his book talk about how undeveloped nations should be given the funds and opportunities to reach that first wrung on the ladder of development  Makes mention about how sweat shops are a necessity to give children/women/elderly a chance to provide for their family o Vandana Shiva: This is a totally false history of poverty. The poor are not those who have been “left behind”; they are the ones who have been robbed. The wealth accumulated by Europe and North America are largely based on riches tak
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.