Class Notes (806,817)
Canada (492,453)
Anthropology (1,635)
ANT204H1 (157)
Saul Cohen (33)

7. ANT204H1 February 27.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Saul Cohen

February 27, 2012 ANT204H1S Lecture #7 Why are We Still Talking About Race? Anthropological Critiques of Racist Thinking Try July, 9 1991 “Traditional” Identity and Culture  Picture of “natives” holding and hiding tv sets as anthropologists come into view Recap: Deconstructing Identity  “Nobody is anybody except in relation to somebody” o The idea of the self – of an individual being, as an entity unto themselves. Without relation to anything, you would continue to be the person you think it is – this is a western idea o I am not an individual who cannot be defined in relation to society/social practices. o There might not be a correct way of thinking of the self  Therefore, identity is not fixed or natural but a process  Enculturation, self-identification o Our identities do not come from ourselves, but who we are is dependent on the cultures in which we exist o We also have the option of self-identifying, we can identify with many things. But because we self-identify does necessarily embody it.  Conscious and subconscious  How do we communicate our identity?  How do we communicate the identities of others? o E.g. The indigenous Linking Identity to Social Hierarchy: Race  Slavery (black and white picture of chained, lined up presumable african slaves)  Eugenics and the Holocaust  Apartheid South Africa o Separation of races; micromanagement of racial interaction  Race and IQ o The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structre in American Life by Richard J. Herrnstein Charles Murray: The idea that IQ is linked to race. There are organizations and groups funding this kind of literature and research.  All societies are socially stratified o All identity markers, all of the ways you identify others as well as yourself, are not just ways to identify yourself, but a way to organize society o Is this natural? Will it happen regardless?  How do we explain the distribution of poverty?  Social categories become ranked and this ranking is linking to power and wealth o It is generally in someone’s interest to rank someone in some way that they may find beneficial to themselves or beneficial to society o Class; there is an ongoing struggle. View of society as having different organs to keep it’s body running. o Alternative: the way society function is not different parts working together but by the competition of the parts involved. E.G the brain and the body. o Caste o Race, etc.  Race – presumed biological, genetic, mental characteristics of identifiable groups  Cultural myth – no scientific basis  Genetic diversity within races exceeds the genetic diversity between races o People are far more similar in other ways besides the colour of their skin  Yet, racial explanations of society persist, pseudo-science and folk explanations Ascribing Identity: The Indigenous Definitions of Indigenous From Wikipedia a. Occupation of ancestral lands, or at least of part of them b. Common ancestry with the original occupants of these lands c. Culture
More Less

Related notes for ANT204H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.