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10. ANT204H1 March 27.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT204H1
Professor
Saul Cohen
Semester
Winter

Description
ANT204: Lecture 10 March 27, 2013  Guest Lecture o Case Study: Co-Production of Urban Spaces in the Czech Republic o Break o Exam Information o Conservation and Violence (A Little More About Mac Chapin) o Case Study 2: Developing People and Nature in Gudigwa Village o Questions about the Essay  Case Study: Czech Republic o Ostrava – Former mining town in Czech Republic o City infrastructure was designed during socialist rule o Since then, the city’s population and economy went down o Government and people are now developing new businesses there (i.e. malls, shops, etc) o Speaker looks at how people are using the socialist public spaces and how they interact with the environment o Speaker noticed architectural hybrids in the Czech Republic  Soviet era buildings that are gutted and/or modified for new uses  Ex. 1970’s apartment building with a shop being set up in a first floor apartment  Over 1/3 of the Czech population lives in small apartments  Buildings have undergone makeovers, either private initiatives or government initiatives o Speaker wants to look at how the existing architecture affects human behavior and use of the places  She also wants to look at how memories affect how people perceive the space  She wants to look at how private spaces have become public, and vice versa  She also wants to look at the changing use of spaces o Space is socially constructed  For example, a tourist walking downtown will have a different experience than a local doing the same thing in the same location o Space is underwritten in power relations  Example: A lecture auditorium which is focused on the lecturer  In her context, the speaker says about how there was a change in power relations since the fall of communism  Prague, for example, is the capital of the Czech Republic, which has changed much more rapidly than the other cities due to more funding and investment  Ostrava is more like the other Czech cities with a more gradual change  Speaker wants to examine the role of community, ideology, community, economics, in the development of Ostrava o Speaker mentions how for research, she must submit a proposal, go through with the faculty and ethics board before field research  She proposes looking at a housing project, and the main town square which had a coal mine and power plant in the middle of the city  Her methodology is observing the people in the housing complex, participating in town events and meetings (participant observation), and interviews of people of different generations, local city planners, activist groups, etc.  She shows an industrial lot used for a music festival  She also plans on doing walk-alongs where she walks with locals to understand how they get around the city o Key Point  Space is complex and very malleable  Space is socially constructed  Space is underwritten with power relations o Question Period  There are areas of urban decay in Ostrava, such as industrial ruins  Some of it is intentional, for tourism o Professor’s Comment  Take a look at the buildings at UofT being gentrified  Older structures are being modified for modern uses  Examine how control of space can lead to control of society  Part 2 o Mac Chapin  Three critiques of mainstream conservation  Dissatisfaction with relationship with indigenous  Dominance of three major organizations (WWF, CI, and TNC) via funding  Partnering with multinational corporations  Most commented anthropological article at the time  His article had re
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