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Lecture 10

Lecture 10-ant204.docx

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Saul Cohen

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ANT204H1 Lecture 10- Conservation & Violence A final Debate? What does Anthropology contribute to discussions of human rights and social justice? Conservation & Violence A. US history B. British History C. State Violence D. Chapin Three reviews on Witchcraft View 1: Witchcraft is “primitive” Violence is endemic (meaning it is localized?)  How did development of Niagara Falls impact conservation in Africa? -Americans showed the European dignitaries the Niagara Falls and were impressed by the work of the Americans, but they thought they should have wilderness in the natural wild. Meaning that Niagara Falls was built in a setting that did not symbolize the wilderness it was in a city setting surrounded with ppl. The Americans were embarrassed by the criticism of the British and they vowed they would never let this happen again.  The act of dedication (Yellowstone) –March 1872: Yellowstone was initially not a wilderness, it was highly occupied with aboriginal inhabitants, and however they were moved out in order to create a “natural” wilderness minus the humans. Obviously violence was at play in order to move the aboriginals out of the area  The idea that humans are detrimental to nature and that the two should be separated  Yellowstone currently has no ppl left there in the natural park British History What historical factors helped shaped the vision of Africa as an Eden, a wilderness and wild?  “myth of wild Africa” –represents primitive , it is closer to nature than humans are to the urban life -the west represents the civilized, modern and scientific, educated  Exaggerating explorers, missionaries and explorers -were benefitted by their books and ppl who read them (sold books about their travels) ANT204H1 -have to make their travels sound amazing in the books so it would sell in order to get benefactors interested so they could further explore the world  Rinderpest misunderstanding (1890s) -wildlife pop’n were greater than normal, was always like this and now humans are desiccating the population, they need conservation to save the herds  Imperial hunter and barbaric poacher -why is the imperial hunter revered or seen more civilized then the poacher? PICS -indigenous African pop’n hunting an elephant with spears -pics of colonial soldiers with African slaves holding their hunt…  royals and aristocrats go out hunting, fox parties and so on was a norm -idea th
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