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Ant204h1 Lecture 2

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Annette Bickford

ANT 204H1S ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD LECTURE 2OUTLINE January 17 2012 Topic Colonialism in Africa Readings1 Felix Greene How It Began2 Jerry Kloby The Legacy Of Colonialism3 Colonialism in Africa 1914 4 Wainaina How to Write About Africa Recommended film This Magnificent African Cake European colonization of Africa Demand for Raw Materials industrial revolution required natural resources which 1Europe lacked Sought in Asia the Americas Africa Colonized African countries as a method of extracting raw materials Need for Markets 19th c Europe produced surplus Colonizeprotect markets Commerce Christianity Civilizationmissionariescivilization of AfricaThe Scramble for Africa 18861914 Revenue generation in colonial Africa2 1Mineral exploitationNorthern Rhodesia Zambia and the Belgian Congo Congocopper extraction Colonial governments forced farmers into mining 2Large scale agricultural production East and Southern Africalarge scale European owned farms Angola coffee Kenya coffee tea and Southern RhodesiaZimbabwe tobacco beef Colonial governments removed good farm land from local populations forcing many to work on European farms 3Small scale agricultural production In colonies lacking large mineral depositscash crops for export Groundnutspeanuts Senegal Nigeria coffee Tanganyika Rwanda Uganda cocoa Ghana Togo Cote DIvoire cotton Mali Niger Sudan tobacco Malawi 4Supply of Labor Forced migration to work in mines or on commercial farms Recruitment fee paid to colonial government of workers home country Bechuanaland Botswana Basotholand LesothoSwaziland and parts of Mozambique and Malawilabor reserves for Northern Rhodesia Southern Rhodesia and South Africa5 Mixed Economies colonial economies were dependent on mining settler agriculture or the small scale production of a single cash crop South Africa by the end of formal colonialism 1994 had a diversified economy mineral agricultural manufacturing commerce Nigeria petroleum agriculture Peters Map Mercator map c1569 Greenland and China look the same size but China is almost 4 times larger Peters map improves the accuracy of how we see the earth Mercators projection navigationlines of constant compass bearing Conformal map Accurate shape but not area The Greenland ProblemThe Mercator projection creates increasing distortions of size as you move away from the equator As you get closer to the poles the distortion becomes severe Cartographers refer to the inability to compare size on a Mercator projection as the Greenland Problem
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