Lecture #1 Wednesday, January 18 , 2012
Eurocentrism – standard/normal is a european ideal. Europe is naturalized as the centre .
Everything else is deemed as the “other”, subsidized.
COLONIALISM IN AFRICA
- western powers held and governed 35% of the earth surface
- 1878, the proportion was 67% - increase of 83,000km2 per year
- 1914 – 85% of the earth’s lands, sa colonies, protectorates, dominions, common
wealth, etc. There was a steady huge increase
- there was a lot of resistence and resentment
- a whole machinery of colonial army evolved aimed at maintaining the colonial
- academic discipline was born in and supported colonial domination
- father of sociology was rather concervative – Durkheim
- the american army has hired anthrpologists to go to places like Iraq , and paid high
200,000$ /yr – took on unethical positions.
- Anthropologists have been working for colonial-neocolonial powers for a very long
- 1927, when colonial system was in full swing, malinowsky “ the practical value…
savage labor” Anthropological theories of racial superiority divided the world into
advance and primative ppl
- Pigme pop at the Zoo in the Bronx in 1906
- shared the common factor of taking land
- type 1.) colonial powers massed far flung colonies throughout the world
- 2.) increasing nations land by swollowing up neighboring regions and forcing them
into the nation
- colonization ended after wwII, becoming own nation states - Colonial presence in the USA – ther term empire has been increasingly used in
relation to the USA , post 911 – by right wing cconservatives.
- American neoconservatives proclaim that USA must conceive itself as a colonial
power. BUT america was found as a republic. Therefore the term is generally
avoided in american discourse.
- A lot of americans mark their actions in defense of liberty, though this is contrary to
- War on Terror – indication to provide moral language to set the rules to
international game, and american interest expanded across the world
- Axes of Evil – Iran Iraq & North Korea – under this guise of war on terror, people got
really afraid, and the population was trigured by a sense of fear.
- Uber capitaism, no restraints on capitalism.
- A free market = no restraints and cops and gov can do whatever they want ( ie. bid
on jobs, 5 cents/hr). the bottom line would be money
- Social conservatism – moralistic – and yet economically very libertarian ( ie.
Political Compass - http://www.politicalcompass.org/faq )
- Bush admin to the international community revolved around Iraq becomig a beecon
of the free market to the middle east. It was more about economics and capitalism.
The “ terror” was use das an overlay.
- Americans do not believe their country is an empire – but the wars need to be
sumerged into a discourse on fears. Ie.t he worl don terror justified any empirial
action. The war on terror provides the cover for empirical action so that empire
does not need to mentioned
- American attempts to secure markets and make capitals - sim to Colonialism but dif
in limits for there are no government restrictions. The nations such as Iran Iraq and
North Korea will see the wrath of American Empire as they try and define their own
- READING –
- opening trade in China. Opium grown in india and then shipped to China and opened
trade. Now the opium has shifted to oil.
- Wars are still fought to control the production, transport and sale of products such
European Colonization of Africa 1.) Demand for raw material
2.) Need for markets
3.) Commerce, christianity, “civilization”
- #1 In the 19 cent there was no shrotage in labor in Europe
- Prophets made from trade in asia, americas, africa, financed the industrial
- The money for industrial rev. came evne from the slave trade
- Europe lacked natural resources (ie. cotton. Cotton was grown in England/American
souther – the quasi colonial region in america for cotton there didn’t mean
- Britian and other countries were out to find resources to finance and feed the
- #2 – by the late 19 cent, the industry was making more goods than consumers – so
they sought more markets around the world.
- As competition for industries for markets grew